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Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the major causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. This study aimed to determine the immunological characteristics of PE patients and normal pregnancy at the T cell receptor beta-chain (TRB) level by using high-throughput sequencing. High-throughput sequencing was performed to analyze the expression of TRB-CDR3 in circulating T cells. T cells were isolated from 36 healthy pregnant women, 24 patients with severe PE, and 18 patients with moderate PE. Rearranged mRNA sequences were assigned to their germline V, D, and J counterparts, and translated into proper amino acids by the IMGT database. In general, PE samples had more TRB-CDR3 reads and types than those of normal pregnant woman in the circulation, but the mean number of TRB-CDR3 reads and unique TRB-CDR3 reads in severe group was lower than that in the moderate group. In PE patients, the V7_9 and V20_1 gene loci were more prevalent than in healthy pregnant women. In addition, 4 kinds of TRB-CDR3 peptides were found to be highly relevant to the pathogenesis of PE. Of them, peptides matched to herpes simplex virus antigen-specific T cells were much lower in PE samples.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Human immunology
Lung cancer is one of the greatest threats to human health, and is initially detected and attacked by the immune system through tumor-reactive T cells. The aim of this study was to determine the basic...
The first deep sequencing method was announced in 2005. Due to an increasing number of sequencing data and a reduction in the costs of each sequencing dataset, this innovative technique was soon appli...
Graft γδ TCR Sequencing Identifies Public Clonotypes Associated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Efficacy in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients and Unravels Cytomegalovirus Impact on Repertoire Distribution.
Although the impact of donor graft composition on clinical outcomes after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been studied, little is known about the role of intragraft γδ TCR reperto...
The diversity of Trypanosoma cruzi parasites infecting humans is still poorly understood. We used deep sequencing to analyze this diversity in Chagasic patients from Mexico. Such information is crucia...
The adaptive immune response generates a large repertoire of T cells with T-cell receptors (TCR and TCR) and B cells with immunoglobulins (Ig). The repertoire changes in response to antigen stimulatio...
Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD) and relapse, which is mainly due to lack of Graft-versus-Leukemia (GVL), are the most frequent and severe complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem ce...
This research trial studies characterization of T-cell repertoire through next-generation sequencing in patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing stem cell transplant. Characterizing...
Regulatory T lymphocytes play a major role in the protection from autoimmune pathology. Defects in immunosuppression mediated by these cells is therefore suspected to contribute to these d...
The purpose is to investigate B-cell response to the trivalent Influenza Vaccine (TIV) in healthy young adults. In particular, we will use unique strategies to study in detail the immune r...
This study is designed to evaluate the predicted potential of quantitative T cell repertoire (TCR) of T cell receptor chains using next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the treatment of the ...
Radiotherapy where cytotoxic radionuclides are linked to antibodies in order to deliver toxins directly to tumor targets. Therapy with targeted radiation rather than antibody-targeted toxins (IMMUNOTOXINS) has the advantage that adjacent tumor cells, which lack the appropriate antigenic determinants, can be destroyed by radiation cross-fire. Radioimmunotherapy is sometimes called targeted radiotherapy, but this latter term can also refer to radionuclides linked to non-immune molecules (see RADIOTHERAPY).
The phenomenon of immense variability characteristic of ANTIBODIES. It enables the IMMUNE SYSTEM to react specifically against the essentially unlimited kinds of ANTIGENS it encounters. Antibody diversity is accounted for by three main theories: (1) the Germ Line Theory, which holds that each antibody-producing cell has genes coding for all possible antibody specificities, but expresses only the one stimulated by antigen; (2) the Somatic Mutation Theory, which holds that antibody-producing cells contain only a few genes, which produce antibody diversity by mutation; and (3) the Gene Rearrangement Theory, which holds that antibody diversity is generated by the rearrangement of IMMUNOGLOBULIN VARIABLE REGION gene segments during the differentiation of the ANTIBODY-PRODUCING CELLS.
Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.
A morpholine and thiophene derivative that functions as a FACTOR XA INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment and prevention of DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS and PULMONARY EMBOLISM. It is also used for the prevention of STROKE and systemic embolization in patients with non-valvular ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and for the prevention of atherothrombotic events in patients after an ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME.
DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS of an upper extremity vein (e.g., AXILLARY VEIN; SUBCLAVIAN VEIN; and JUGULAR VEINS). It is associated with mechanical factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Primary) secondary to other anatomic factors (Upper Extremity Deep Vein Thrombosis, Secondary). Symptoms may include sudden onset of pain, warmth, redness, blueness, and swelling in the arm.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...