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Cognitive reappraisal has been discussed to dampen emotional experience and foster health and well-being. Recent theorizing suggests that the benefits of reappraisal might depend on the feasibility to exert control in a given situation and the ability of an individual to sensitively attend to organismic cues (interoception). This study examined the interplay of habitual reappraisal, interoceptive awareness and perceived control on psychological (self-esteem) and physiological (heart rate variability) adjustment in daily life. A sample of 111 participants was monitored throughout 12 h. Habitual reappraisal was assessed via the emotion regulation questionnaire and interoception via a heartbeat detection task (method of constant stimuli). An ecological momentary assessment protocol was used to record short-term heart rate variability (HRV) as an indicator of cardiac vagal tone, self-esteem and perceived control in daily life. Higher use of reappraisal was associated with higher self-esteem particularly in good heartbeat detectors when perceived control in daily life was low. Conversely, habitual reappraisal was unrelated to momentary self-esteem in poor heartbeat detectors. Moreover, habitual reappraisal predicted higher HRV in daily life when perceived control was low, and reappraisal tended to be positively related with HRV in good, but not in poor heartbeat detectors. Together the findings suggest that the benefits of habitual reappraisal in daily life may depend on perceived control and interoceptive accuracy, thus supporting the assumption that the effects of reappraisal in daily life are more complex.
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ADHD is considered a disorder of self-regulation. Recent research has shown that awareness of bodily states, referred to as interoceptive awareness, crucially contributes to self-regulatory processes....
Longitudinal effects of interoceptive awareness training through mindful awareness in body-oriented therapy (MABT) as an adjunct to women's substance use disorder treatment: A randomized controlled trial.
Training in interoceptive awareness is a promising behavioral approach for improving substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. This study examined the longitudinal effects of Mindful Awareness in Body-o...
Interoception, the sensing of bodily signals, is related to emotional reactivity and may contribute to the pathophysiology of addiction. Evidence is accumulating that individuals with alcohol use diso...
Although subjective age has been shown to play an important role in older adults' experiences of depressive symptoms, the mediating and moderating mechanisms underlying this relationship have not been...
Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between fa...
The proposed project is the first pilot test to examine interoceptive function as a mechanistic biomarker underlying Mindful Awareness in Body-oriented Therapy (MABT). MABT, an empirically...
The integrity of interoceptive networks is linked to resilience against depressive symptoms, whereas degradation of these networks is linked to apathy and deficits in emotion processing. T...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate effects of a 7-week undergraduate course, incorporating Eat Breathe Thrive program curriculum, offered to female student-athletes in order to incre...
This study focuses on possible mechanism mediating duloxetine effects on painful physical symptoms in patients suffering from MDD. Our hypothesis is based on the assump¬tion of dual impa...
The study's aims are twofold: First, to examine physiological correlates of fear of physical activity (PA) and second, to examine correlates between fear of PA and interoceptive abilities ...
Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.
A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, dyscalculia, and dysgraphia.
A narcotic antagonist with analgesic properties. It is used for the control of moderate to severe pain.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...