Advertisement

Topics

Anatomy and physiology of the nutritional system.

08:00 EDT 6th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Anatomy and physiology of the nutritional system."

The organisms of mammals are composed of organs cooperating as systems that are organized to perform functions which allow the survival of the individual and maintenance of the species. Thus, to reach the main goals of these functions we need systems that ensure nutrient uptake and distribution, thermogenesis, oxygen uptake and distribution, the discharge of toxic internal by-products, the defense from internal and external pathogens, gamete fertilization, and the fine-tuning of the activity of all the tissues composing the organs. Most of these activities also require interactions with the internal and external environment. The latter function is served by the nervous system and the others by the cardiovascular, respiratory, excretory, immune, reproductive and endocrine systems. Nutrient intake and distribution and thermoregulation are realized by the collaborative work of the adipose and the digestive organs. In this review I will outline data on adipose tissue anatomy and function which have been collected during the past 40 years. They provide a convergent body of evidence toward a new concept regarding the collaborative work between the adipose organ and the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, which constitute a system ensuring nutrient search, intake and distribution to the organism. Furthermore, the same system also seems to enable nutrient distribution to the offspring to ensure not only short-term but also long-term homeostasis.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular aspects of medicine
ISSN: 1872-9452
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13287 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Three-dimensional Printed Models in Anatomy Education of the Ventricular System: A Randomized Controlled Study.

The ventricular system is a set of brain cavities without solid tissues and the basis of surgical brain anatomy. Effect of using three-dimensional printed models (3DPMs) on anatomy education of the ve...

Anatomy of the Superficial Fascia System of the Breast: A Comprehensive Theory of Breast Fascial Anatomy.

It has been two centuries since Petrus Camper identified superficial fascia and over 175 years since Sir Astley Cooper wrote his book on the anatomy of the breast. In the 1990s, Ted Lockwood taught us...

Anatomical Study of the Seminal Vesicle System for Transurethral Seminal Vesiculoscopy.

Because of a general lack of knowledge regarding the precise anatomy of the seminal vesicle system, efforts to use transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy (TSV) are currently constrained.

A snapshot of anatomy teaching: Peer-led anatomy boot camps - priming for success?

Pending changes regarding the medical curricula in Germany prompted us, members of the Department of Anatomy at the Medical Faculty of Saarland University, to critically evaluate anatomy teaching with...

Embryology, Anatomy, Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Peritoneum and the Peritoneal Vasculature.

The peritoneum is a large serous membrane with both epithelial and mesenchymal features, and is essential for maintaining an intra-abdominal homeostatic equilibrium. The peritoneum plays a central rol...

Clinical Trials [5355 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Studying Physiological and Anatomical Cerebral Effects of Carbon Dioxide and Tilt

The purpose of this study is to study the effects of carbon dioxide combined with head down tilt on cerebral physiology and anatomy. This paradigm will help establish a ground-based analo...

Coronary Physiology and Its Relationship to Anatomy in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus

Comprehensive assessment of coronary physiology (fractional flow reserve (FFR), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR)) in patients with diabetes mellit...

Value of 3D Printing for Comprehension of Liver Surgical Anatomy

To our knowledge, it has not been analyze whether 3D printed liver model would improve the perception of a given liver tumor or the precision of operation planning in liver surgery. We des...

Establishing the Physiology of Syringomyelia

The brain and spinal cord are surrounded by fluid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The CSF flows through channels in the brain and around the spinal cord. Occasionally, people are born ...

Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in Evaluating Cerebral Glucose Metabolism and Functional Change for Patients With Spinal Cord Injury

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in dysfunction of motor and sensory system and the hormonal secretion. Not only the change of peripheral hormonal organs, the central neurotran...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.

Concepts involved with nutritional physiology, including categories of substances eaten for sustenance, nutritional phenomena and processes, eating patterns and habits, and measurable nutritional parameters.

Nutritional physiology of animals.

Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.

Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...

Respiratory
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.  They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...


Searches Linking to this Article