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Development of novel epoxyketone-based proteasome inhibitors as a strategy to overcome cancer resistance to carfilzomib and bortezomib.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Development of novel epoxyketone-based proteasome inhibitors as a strategy to overcome cancer resistance to carfilzomib and bortezomib."

Over the past 15 years, proteasome inhibitors (PIs), namely bortezomib, carfilzomib (Cfz) and ixazomib, have significantly improved the overall survival and quality-of-life for multiple myeloma (MM) patients. However, a significant portion of MM patients do not respond to PI therapies. Drug resistance is present either de novo or acquired after prolonged therapy through mechanisms that remain poorly defined. The lack of a clear understanding of clinical PI resistance has hampered the development of next-generation PI drugs to treat MM patients who no longer respond to currently-available therapies. Here, we designed and synthesized novel epoxyketone-based PIs by structural modifications at the P1' site. We show that a Cfz analog, 9, harboring a hydroxyl substituent at its P1' position was highly cytotoxic against cancer cell lines displaying de novo or acquired resistance to Cfz. These results suggest that peptide epoxyketones incorporating P1'-targeting moieties may have the potential to bypass resistance mechanisms associated with Cfz and to provide additional clinical options for patients resistant to Cfz.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of medicinal chemistry
ISSN: 1520-4804
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