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On the influence of the shoulder kinematic chain on joint kinematics and musculotendon lengths during wheelchair propulsion estimated from multibody kinematics optimization.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "On the influence of the shoulder kinematic chain on joint kinematics and musculotendon lengths during wheelchair propulsion estimated from multibody kinematics optimization."

Multibody kinematic optimization is frequently used to assess shoulder kinematics during manual wheelchair (MWC) propulsion but multiple kinematics chains are available. It is hypothesized that these different kinematic chains affect marker tracking, shoulder kinematics and resulting musculotendon (MT) lengths. In this study, shoulder kinematics and MT lengths obtained from four shoulder kinematic chains (open-loop thorax-clavicle-scapula-humerus (M1), closed-loop with contact ellipsoid (M2), scapula rhythm from regression equations (M3), and a single ball-and- socket joint between the thorax and the humerus (M4) were compared. Right-side shoulder kinematics from seven subjects were obtained with 34 reflective markers and a scapula locator using an optoelectronic motion capture system while propelling on a MWC simulator. Data was processed based on the four models. Results showed the impact of shoulder kinematic chains on all studied variables. Marker reconstruction errors were found similar between M1 and M2 and lower than for M3 and M4. Few degrees of freedom (DoF) were noticeably different between M1 and M2, but all shoulder DoFs were significantly affected between M1 and M4. As a consequence of differences in joint kinematics, MT lengths were affected by the kinematic chain definition. The contact ellipsoid (M2) was found as a good trade-off between marker tracking and penetration avoidance of the scapula. The regression-based model (M3) was less efficient due to limited humerus elevation during MWC propulsion, as well as the ball-and-socket model (M4) which appeared not suitable for upper limbs activities, including MWC propulsion.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biomechanical engineering
ISSN: 1528-8951
Pages:

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Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.

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Replacement for a SHOULDER JOINT.

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