Advertisement

Topics

Modelling the effective dose to a population from fallout after a nuclear power plant accident-A scenario-based study with mitigating actions.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Modelling the effective dose to a population from fallout after a nuclear power plant accident-A scenario-based study with mitigating actions."

The radiological consequences of a nuclear power plant (NPP) accident, resulting in the release of radionuclides to the environment, will depend largely on the mitigating actions instigated shortly after the accident. It is therefore important to make predictions of the radiation dose to the affected population, from external as well as internal exposure, soon after an accident, despite the fact that data are scarce. The aim of this study was to develop a model for the prediction of the cumulative effective dose up to 84 years of age based on the ground deposition of 137Cs that is determined soon after fallout. The model accounts for different assumptions regarding external and internal dose contributions, and the model parameters in this study were chosen to reflect various mitigating actions. Furthermore, the relative importance of these parameters was determined by sensitivity analysis. To the best of our knowledge, this model is unique as it allows quantification of both the external and the internal effective dose using only a fallout map of 137Cs after a nuclear power plant accident. The cumulative effective dose over a period of 50 years following the accident per unit 137Cs deposited was found to range from 0.14 mSv/kBq m-2 to 1.5 mSv/kBq m-2, depending on the mitigating actions undertaken. According to the sensitivity analysis, the most important parameters governing the cumulative effective dose to various adult populations during 50 years after the fallout appear to be: the correlation factor between the local areal deposition of 137Cs and the maximum initial ambient dose rate; the maximum transfer from regional average fallout on the ground to body burden; the local areal deposition of 137Cs; and the regional average 137Cs deposition. Therefore, it is important that mapping of local 137Cs deposition is carried out immediately after fallout from a nuclear power plant accident, followed by calculations of radiation doses for different scenarios using well-known parameters, in order to identify the most efficient mitigation strategies. Given this 137Cs mapping, we believe our model is a valuable tool for long-term radiological assessment in the early phase after NPP accidents.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0215081

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [20655 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Long-Term Consequences of the Chernobyl Radioactive Fallout: An Exploration of the Aggregate Data.

Policy Points Policymakers should invest more on researching the long-term health effects of low-ionizing radiation exposure, as we are far from reaching a consensus on a topic that is of enormous imp...

A model for estimating the total absorbed dose to the thyroid in Swedish inhabitants following the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident: Implications for existing international estimates and future model applications.

The time-integrated absorbed dose to the thyroid gland in the years after a fallout event can indicate the potential excess number of thyroid cancers among young individuals after a radionuclide relea...

Modelling the mitigation speeds of Cs, Sr and I in the topsoils and assessment of the radiological hazards.

Fate modelling of artificial radionuclides (ARs) in top soils are necessary to assess the radiological effects to population. Among ARs, Cs, Sr and I are very important since the large abundances in t...

Plutonium fallout reconstructed from an Antarctic Plateau snowpack using inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry.

Anthropogenic plutonium (Pu) in the environment is a result of atmospheric nuclear testing during the second half of the 20th century. In this work, we analyzed a 4-meter deep Antarctic Plateau snowpa...

Modifications in the gamma dose rate in air due to downward and lateral mobility of Cs in the soil.

Cs can be an important environmental contaminant due to fallout from nuclear reactor accidents and atomic weapons testing. Its contribution to the air gamma dose rate at 1 m height above contaminate...

Clinical Trials [9632 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Radiation Exposure and Thyroid Disease in Kazakhstan

Residents of certain villages in Kazakhstan were exposed during childhood to radioactive fallout from nuclear tests conducted at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (SNTS) between 1949 and...

Evaluation of Image-Based Modelling on Clinical Decisions in Coarctation of the Aorta

To answer the research question: "Would image-based modelling result in different clinical decisions as compared to clinical practice guidelines?", we will conduct a randomized controlled ...

Scientific Protocol for the Study of Thyroid Cancer and Other Thyroid Disease in Belarus Following the Chernobyl Accident

Iodine-131(131I) and other radioisotopes of Iodine are contained in fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests and are among the radionuclides most likely to be released in a nuclear r...

Dose-Ranging Study of an Ophthalamic Solution in Patients With Loss of Visual Function Due to Age-Related Nuclear Cataract

This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of three doses of C-KAD Ophthalmic Solution in patients with loss of visual function due to age-related nuclear cataract

Comparison of Two Fragmentation Modalities in Femtosecond Laser-assisted Cataract Surgery

Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery consists in nuclear lens fragmentation, followed by ultrasound phacoemulsification of nuclear lens, which is then removed. It can be assumed th...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The dose amount of poisonous or toxic substance or dose of ionizing radiation required to kill 50% of the tested population.

Radioactive substances which act as pollutants. They include chemicals whose radiation is released via radioactive waste, nuclear accidents, fallout from nuclear explosions, and the like.

The ratio of the dose that produces toxicity to the dose that produces a clinically desired or effective response.

The material that descends to the earth or water well beyond the site of a surface or subsurface nuclear explosion. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article