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Estimating genome-wide off-target effects for pyrrole-imidazole polyamide binding by a pathway-based expression profiling approach.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Estimating genome-wide off-target effects for pyrrole-imidazole polyamide binding by a pathway-based expression profiling approach."

In the search for new pharmaceutical leads, especially with DNA-binding molecules or genome editing methods, the issue of side and off-target effects have always been thorny in nature. A particular case is the investigation into the off-target effects of N-methylpyrrole-N-methylimidazole polyamides, a naturally inspired class of DNA binders with strong affinity to the minor-groove and sequence specificity, but at < 20 bases, their relatively short motifs also insinuate the possibility of non-unique genomic binding. Binding at non-intended loci potentially lead to the rise of off-target effects, issues that very few approaches are able to address to-date. We here report an analytical method to infer off-target binding, via expression profiling, based on probing the relative impact to various biochemical pathways; we also proposed an accompanying side effect prediction engine for the systematic screening of candidate polyamides. This method marks the first attempt in PI polyamide research to identify elements in biochemical pathways that are sensitive to the treatment of a candidate polyamide as an approach to infer possible off-target effects. Expression changes were then considered to assess possible outward phenotypic changes, manifested as side effects, should the same PI polyamide candidate be administered clinically. We validated some of these effects with a series of animal experiments, and found agreeable corroboration in certain side effects, such as changes in aspartate transaminase levels in ICR and nude mice post-administration.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0215247

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