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SHMT2 Promotes Liver Regeneration Through Glycine-activated Akt/mTOR Pathway.

08:00 EDT 4th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "SHMT2 Promotes Liver Regeneration Through Glycine-activated Akt/mTOR Pathway."

The development of liver transplantation (LT) is increasingly being limited by the unavailability of liver grafts. Unique regenerative capacity of liver in response to injuries makes living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) a feasible strategy to meet clinical demands. Serine hydroxymethyl-transferase 2 (SHMT2) serves as the key enzyme in the biosynthesis of glycine. Glycine affects the activity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which is important for cellular growth and proliferation. In this study, the effects of SHMT2 on mouse liver regeneration were investigated using a classical partial hepatectomy (PH) model.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Transplantation
ISSN: 1534-6080
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An adaptor protein, consisting of seven WD REPEATS along its length, that functions as a component of the MECHANISTIC TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN COMPLEX 1 and MTORC2 COMPLEX. It interacts directly with MTOR to enhance its kinase activity and stabilizes the MTOR-RPTOR PROTEIN interaction in nutrient-poor conditions, favoring RPTOR inhibition of MTOR activity.

Repair or renewal of hepatic tissue.

A PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE dependent enzyme that catalyzes the decarboxylation of GLYCINE with the transfer of an aminomethyl group to the LIPOIC ACID moiety of the GLYCINE DECARBOXYLASE COMPLEX H-PROTEIN. Defects in P-protein are the cause of non-ketotic hyperglycinemia. It is one of four subunits of the glycine decarboxylase complex.

A family of sodium chloride-dependent neurotransmitter symporters that transport the amino acid GLYCINE. They differ from GLYCINE RECEPTORS, which signal cellular responses to GLYCINE. They are located primarily on the PLASMA MEMBRANE of NEURONS; GLIAL CELLS; EPITHELIAL CELLS; and RED BLOOD CELLS where they remove inhibitory neurotransmitter glycine from the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE.

A cytokine that promotes differentiation and activation of EOSINOPHILS. It also triggers activated B-LYMPHOCYTES to differentiate into IMMUNOGLOBULIN-secreting cells.

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