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Cortical Lesions on 7-T MRI in Multiple Sclerosis: A Window into Pathogenetic Mechanisms?

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cortical Lesions on 7-T MRI in Multiple Sclerosis: A Window into Pathogenetic Mechanisms?"

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Name: Radiology
ISSN: 1527-1315
Pages: 190398

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Slowly expanding/evolving lesions as a magnetic resonance imaging marker of chronic active multiple sclerosis lesions.

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Longitudinal Characterization of Cortical Lesion Development and Evolution in Multiple Sclerosis with 7.0-T MRI.

Background Cortical lesions develop early in multiple sclerosis (MS) and play a major role in disease progression. MRI at 7.0 T shows high sensitivity for detection of cortical lesions as well as bett...

Structural connectivity in multiple sclerosis and modeling of disconnection.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by focal white matter damage, and when the brain is modeled as a network, lesions can be treated as disconnection events.

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Cortical Lesions in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease, leading to inflammation and degeneration of neurons in the entire central nervous system (CNS). Not only does MS attack CNS white matter, ...

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The main aim of the present study is to assess the prevalence, the topography and the clinical counterpart of cortical lesions in patient included early after the first clinical episode of...

A Monocenter, Cross-sectional Study to Compare Different Type of Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis Patients and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers (Beta Amyloid, Total Tau Protein and Tau-phosphorylated Protein).

In multiple sclerosis (MS) sub cortical cognitive impairments are frequently reported. Nevertheless, cortical cognitive troubles, with hippocampic memory troubles have been described. Besi...

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Cognitive impairment is one of the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and it may occur during the first years of the disease. It usually affects attention, information processing speed a...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

Surgical construction of an opening or window in the pericardium. It is often called subxiphoid pericardial window technique.

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

A rare central nervous system demyelinating condition affecting children and young adults. Pathologic findings include a large, sharply defined, asymmetric focus of myelin destruction that may involve an entire lobe or cerebral hemisphere. The clinical course tends to be progressive and includes dementia, cortical blindness, cortical deafness, spastic hemiplegia, and pseudobulbar palsy. Concentric sclerosis of Balo is differentiated from diffuse cerebral sclerosis of Schilder by the pathologic finding of alternating bands of destruction and preservation of myelin in concentric rings. Alpers' Syndrome refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases that feature progressive cerebral deterioration and liver disease. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p914; Dev Neurosci 1991;13(4-5):267-73)

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Radiology
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...

Multiple Sclerosis MS
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting 100,000 young adults in the UK. The condition results from autoimmune damage to myelin, causing interference in nerve signaling. Symptoms experienced depend on the pa...


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