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Strontium titanate (SrTiO) is a perovskite that is important in water-splitting photocatalytic chemistry. Although excess Sr is known to improve the photocatalytic activity, its effect on charge dynamics remain largely unaddressed. Herein, we present a detailed analyses of gigahertz complex transient photoconductivity (Δσ) measured using time-resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC). We show that charge carrier trapping associated with the emergence of an anomalous positive imaginary part and the first-order rate constant of the normal positive real part of Δσ dramatically decreased with increasing Sr/Ti ratio. The second-order rate constant attributed to charge recombination simultaneously decreased, and these rate constants were well correlated with the improved hydrogen evolution rate of aqueous SrTiO suspensions with a Pt co-catalyst. These findings provide a fresh perspective on the stoichiometry-carrier dynamics relationship paramount for the optimization of composition-engineered photocatalysts and reveal the broad implications for mechanistic studies based on TRMC evaluation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The journal of physical chemistry letters
The as-grown atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) usually have extremely large surface-to-volume ratios. Hence, the electrical and optical properties are always affected by the adso...
The frequency and time resolved conductivity in a photoexcited large-area monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS<sub>2</sub>) have been simultaneously determined by using time-resolved terahertz...
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The compositional engineering is of great importance to tune the electrical and optical properties of perovskite and improve the photovoltaic performance of perovskite solar cells. The exploration of ...
Assembly of surface-defect single-crystalline strontium titanate nanocubes acting as molecular bricks onto surface-defect single-crystalline titanium dioxide (B) nanorods for efficient visible-light-driven photocatalytic performance.
Ti self-doped single-crystalline SrTiO nanocubes acting as molecular bricks are successfully assembled onto Ti self-doping single-crystalline TiO(B) nanorods through an effortless two-step hydrotherma...
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An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
Rare disease characterized by COLOBOMA; CHOANAL ATRESIA; and abnormal SEMICIRCULAR CANALS. Mutations in CHD7 protein resulting in disturbed neural crest development are associated with CHARGE Syndrome.
A fulminant and often fatal demyelinating disease of the brain which primarily affects young adults and children. Clinical features include the rapid onset of weakness, SEIZURES, and COMA. It may follow a viral illness or MYCOPLASMA PNEUMONIAE infections but in most instances there is no precipitating event. Pathologic examination reveals marked perivascular demyelination and necrosis of white matter with microhemorrhages. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp924-5)
A neurologic condition associated with the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and characterized by impaired concentration and memory, slowness of hand movements, ATAXIA, incontinence, apathy, and gait difficulties associated with HIV-1 viral infection of the central nervous system. Pathologic examination of the brain reveals white matter rarefaction, perivascular infiltrates of lymphocytes, foamy macrophages, and multinucleated giant cells. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp760-1; N Engl J Med, 1995 Apr 6;332(14):934-40)