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This large-scale case-control study in Taiwan elucidated the potential connection between fibrate use and liver cancer by using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 with a propensity-score-matching design. In total, 4173 patients diagnosed as having liver cancer were included as cases, and 4173 propensity-score-matched patients without liver cancer were identified as controls. The association between previous fibrate use and liver cancer occurrence was demonstrated using conditional logistic regression. Fibrate use was noted in 371 (8.89%) cases and 481 (11.53%) controls. After adjustments, the cases had significantly lower odds of previous fibrate use than did the controls (adjusted odds ratio 0.70, 95%CI 0.60-0.82); moreover, regardless of the patients' sex, age group, and comorbidities, the cases were less likely to have used fibrates than were the controls. Dose-dependent analysis revealed that 1-695 cumulative defined daily doses of fibrates may significantly induce a protective effect for liver cancer. Although other fibrate dose intervals did not reach statistical significance, the dose-response curve presented the trend of a protective effect for liver cancer among the fibrate users. In summary, fibrate use had a significant protective effect against liver cancer in this Asian population.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of clinical pharmacology
To date, few epidemiologic studies have investigated the relationship between pioglitazone use and prostate cancer. The available studies show conflicting findings. This case-control study explored th...
In the original publication of this article on page 6, paragraph "Discussion", line 4, 'In a U.S. population-based case-control study (n = 493 cases) Peres et al., reported a non-significant assoc...
How single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are involved in cancer susceptibility remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that rs3787016 polymorphism, identified i...
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A study conducted to assess the effect of fibrates on pruritus and biochemical picture in pediatric patients with cholestatic liver diseases.
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The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of approaches to correct for the effects of population stratification on case-control genetic association studies.
In this study we will interrogate an existing data set to examine whether genetic variants contribute to an inverse association between weight status and cognitive function. We hypothesize...
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A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Phenomena and pharmaceutics of compounds that inhibit the function of agonists (DRUG AGONISM) and inverse agonists (DRUG INVERSE AGONISM) for a specific receptor. On their own, antagonists produce no effect by themselves to a receptor, and are said to have neither intrinsic activity nor efficacy.
Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
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