Advertisement

Topics

Inverse Association of Fibrates and Liver Cancer: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Taiwan.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Inverse Association of Fibrates and Liver Cancer: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Taiwan."

This large-scale case-control study in Taiwan elucidated the potential connection between fibrate use and liver cancer by using the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005 with a propensity-score-matching design. In total, 4173 patients diagnosed as having liver cancer were included as cases, and 4173 propensity-score-matched patients without liver cancer were identified as controls. The association between previous fibrate use and liver cancer occurrence was demonstrated using conditional logistic regression. Fibrate use was noted in 371 (8.89%) cases and 481 (11.53%) controls. After adjustments, the cases had significantly lower odds of previous fibrate use than did the controls (adjusted odds ratio 0.70, 95%CI 0.60-0.82); moreover, regardless of the patients' sex, age group, and comorbidities, the cases were less likely to have used fibrates than were the controls. Dose-dependent analysis revealed that 1-695 cumulative defined daily doses of fibrates may significantly induce a protective effect for liver cancer. Although other fibrate dose intervals did not reach statistical significance, the dose-response curve presented the trend of a protective effect for liver cancer among the fibrate users. In summary, fibrate use had a significant protective effect against liver cancer in this Asian population.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of clinical pharmacology
ISSN: 1552-4604
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [51178 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association Between Pioglitazone Use and Prostate Cancer: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in the Han Population.

To date, few epidemiologic studies have investigated the relationship between pioglitazone use and prostate cancer. The available studies show conflicting findings. This case-control study explored th...

Correction to: The association between the inflammatory potential of diet and risk of developing, and survival following, a diagnosis of ovarian cancer.

In the original publication of this article on page 6, paragraph "Discussion", line 4, 'In a U.S. population-based case-control study (n = 493 cases) Peres et al., reported a non-significant assoc...

The association of rs3787016 polymorphism and cancer risk: a Chinese case-control study and meta-analysis.

How single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are involved in cancer susceptibility remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that rs3787016 polymorphism, identified i...

Association of tooth loss with liver cancer incidence and chronic liver disease mortality in a rural Chinese population.

Tooth loss has been reported to be associated with the risk of liver cancer in several prior studies in economically advantaged countries. Whether this relationship is also evident in economically dis...

Reproductive characteristics modify the association between global DNA methylation and breast cancer risk in a population-based sample of women.

DNA methylation has been implicated in breast cancer aetiology, but little is known about whether reproductive history and DNA methylation interact to influence carcinogenesis. This study examined mod...

Clinical Trials [22953 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Fibrates in Pediatric Cholestasis

A study conducted to assess the effect of fibrates on pruritus and biochemical picture in pediatric patients with cholestatic liver diseases.

Caffeine Consumption and Mortality in Diabetes

Previous studies suggested an inverse relationship between coffee consumption and mortality in the general population. Furthermore, an inverse association between coffee consumption and se...

Optimal Approach for Analysis of Case-Control Genetic Association Studies

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of approaches to correct for the effects of population stratification on case-control genetic association studies.

Genetic Influences Between Cognitive Function and BMI

In this study we will interrogate an existing data set to examine whether genetic variants contribute to an inverse association between weight status and cognitive function. We hypothesize...

DMH-Based Plan Evaluation and Inverse Optimization in Radiotherapy

The hypotheses of the study are as follows: - Mass-based inverse optimization in radiotherapy treatment planning will result in a reduction of normal tissue and organs at risk (OA...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)

The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.

Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.

Phenomena and pharmaceutics of compounds that inhibit the function of agonists (DRUG AGONISM) and inverse agonists (DRUG INVERSE AGONISM) for a specific receptor. On their own, antagonists produce no effect by themselves to a receptor, and are said to have neither intrinsic activity nor efficacy.

Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Hepatology
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...

Cancer
  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Cancer Disease
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...


Searches Linking to this Article