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The effects of chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash, selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD), and selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) on patient outcomes in ICUs with moderate to high level...
The pharmacokinetics, especially the volume of distribution (Vd), of ß-lactam antibiotics can be altered in critically ill patients. This can lead to decreased serum concentrations and a reduction in...
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is common in patients receiving mechanical ventilation, and is associated with longer hospital stay, increased treatment costs, and higher rates of mo...
Decontamination procedure is a challenging factor that affects the success of surgical regenerative therapy (SRT) of peri-implantitis. The purpose of the present study was to determine the...
The goal of the present study is the comparison of different dialysis strategies in critically ill patients with acute renal failure on the intensive care unit. Patients are treated with e...
Oropharyngeal bacteria play an important role in the pathogenesis of nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill patients. Oral cleansing with chlorhexidine has been shown to decrease incidence...
This phase II trial studies how well a fecal microbiota transplant with or without total gut decontamination works in preventing graft versus host disease in patients exposed to broad-spec...
Registered nurses with graduate degrees in nursing who provide care to pediatric patients who are acutely or critically ill.
A nursing specialty that deals specifically with the care of patients who are critically ill.
Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)
An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.