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Fe-Nx and Fe-S-based ORR electrocatalysts have emerged as rightful candidates to replace Pt in fuel cells to make the technology cheap and sustainable. Fe-N-C catalysts are generally prepared by the pyrolysis of conducting polymers, metal-organic frameworks, aerogels, etc., and the combination of multiple heteroatoms and metal precursors. These precursors are mostly expensive and their synthesis involves multiple steps. In this report, we have demonstrated the synthesis of a Fe-N-C catalyst from the waste leather obtained from the footwear and other leather-consuming industries. The pyrolysis of leather with FeCl3 (metal source) results in the formation of a highly thin and porous nano-ribbon like morphology. Waste leather acts as a cost-free single source of heteroatoms like N, S and carbon. The catalyst synthesized at a temperature of 900 °C shows an overpotential of 40 mV and better durability compared to the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The catalyst is demonstrated as the cathode for alkaline exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC) and zinc-air battery (ZAB) applications. In the AEMFC, a power density of 50 mW cm-2 and an OCV of 0.92 V are obtained whereas, in the ZAB, it exhibited a power density of 174 mW cm-2 compared to 160 mW cm-2 of the system based on the Pt/C catalyst.
This article was published in the following journal.
Electrospinning; Nanofibers; Inorganic; Electrocatalyst; Oxygen reduction reaction.
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Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.
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Enzymes that catalyze the reversible reduction of NAD by NADPH to yield NADP and NADH. This reaction permits the utilization of the reducing properties of NADPH by the respiratory chain and in the reverse direction it allows the reduction of NADP for biosynthetic purposes.