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Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) based hydrogels are amongst the most studied synthetic hydrogels. However, reports on PEG-based hydrogels with high mechanical strength are limited. Herein, a class of novel, well-defined PEG-based nanocomposite hydrogels with tunable mechanical strength are synthesised via ring-opening reactions of diglycidyl ethers with carboxylate ions. The pH responsive crosslinked polyacid nanogels (NG) in the dispersed phase act as high functionality crosslinkers which covalently bond to the poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ethers (PEGDGE) as the continuous matrix. A series of NG-x-PEG-y-z gels are prepared where x, y and z are concentrations of NGs, PEGDGE and the PEGDGE molecular weight, respectively. The hydrogel compositions and nano-structural homogeneity of the NGs have strong impact on the enhancement of mechanical properties which enables property tuning. Based on this design, a highly compressive PEG-based nanocomposite hydrogel (NG-13-PEG-20-6000) exhibits a compressive stress of 24.2 MPa, compressive fracture strain greater than 98% and a fracture energy density as high as 1.88 MJ m-3. The tensile fracture strain is 230%. This is amongst one of the most compressive PEG-based hydrogels reported to-date. Our chemically crosslinked gels are resilient and show highly recoverable dissipative energy. The cytotoxicity test shows that human nucleus pulposus (NP) cells remained viable after 8 days of culture time. The overall results highlight their potential for applications as replacements for intervertebral discs or articular cartilages.
This article was published in the following journal.
Fast in situ forming, chemically crosslinked hydrogels were prepared by the amidation reaction between N-succinimidyl ester end groups of multi-armed poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and amino surface grou...
Cells modulate the functional properties of their environment by depositing extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins during biological processes in vivo and in vitro. Despite the ECMs central role in tissu...
A non-toxic hydrolytically fast-degradable antibacterial hydrogel is herein presented to preemptively treat surgical site infections during the first crucial 24 h period without relying on conventiona...
Chitosan microparticles embedded with multi-responsive poly(N-vinylcaprolactam-co-itaconic acid-co-ethylene-glycol dimethacrylate)-based hydrogel nanoparticles as a new carrier for delivery of hydrophobic drugs.
In this paper, chitosan was used as protective agent for dual temperature-/pH-sensitive poly(N-vinylcaprolactam-co-itaconic acid-co-ethylene- glycol dimethacrylate)- based hydrogel nanoparticles (poly...
We describe the synthesis of three different phosphonium salts and their reaction with poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate to create cationic hydrogels. The hydrogels were loaded with an anionic dye ...
Colonoscopy is a useful tool used in modern medicine and it is increasingly being employed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. (Polyethelene glycol)PEG is very often used for bow...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate FluMist with and without Ampligen in healthy volunteers.
evaluation of amount of bone gained in the anterior maxilla using collagen membranes vs ptfe membrane while using a 1:1 mix of xenograft and autogenous bone
The purpose of this study is to determine what side effects CP 870,893 may cause when given with an immune stimulant called Oncovir poly IC:LC along with a melanoma vaccine. The CP 870,893...
The purpose of this study is to test an approach of stimulating the body's immune system to attack prostate cancer. This study will test injection of a substance polylysine and carboxymeth...
A colorless, odorless, viscous dihydroxy alcohol. It has a sweet taste, but is poisonous if ingested. Ethylene glycol is the most important glycol commercially available and is manufactured on a large scale in the United States. It is used as an antifreeze and coolant, in hydraulic fluids, and in the manufacture of low-freezing dynamites and resins.
Polyester polymers formed from terephthalic acid or its esters and ethylene glycol. They can be formed into tapes, films or pulled into fibers that are pressed into meshes or woven into fabrics.
A poly(A) binding protein that is involved in promoting the extension of the poly A tails of MRNA. The protein requires a minimum of ten ADENOSINE nucleotides in order for binding to mRNA. Once bound it works in conjunction with CLEAVAGE AND POLYADENYLATION SPECIFICITY FACTOR to stimulate the rate of poly A synthesis by POLY A POLYMERASE. Once poly-A tails reach around 250 nucleotides in length poly(A) binding protein II no longer stimulates POLYADENYLATION. Mutations within a GCG repeat region in the gene for poly(A) binding protein II have been shown to cause the disease MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY, OCULOPHARYNGEAL.
Ophthalmic solutions that include LUBRICANTS and WETTING AGENTS such as POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL; HYPROMELLOSE; GLYCEROL; PROPYLENE GLYCOL. They are used to treat conditions caused by deficient tear production such as DRY EYE SYNDROME.
An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...