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We conducted photo-activated delivery of drugs based on the fusion of liposomes with endocytic membranes, thus allowing the direct release of encapsulated drugs inside the cytoplasm. As described in our earlier works, liposomes can be photoresponsive and fusogenic following the incorporation of a malachite green derivative carrying a long alkyl chain (MGL) into the lipid membrane. We prepared MGL liposomes using 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine and encapsulated doxorubicin (DOX). Though the shape of MGL liposomes became elliptical after encapsulating DOX, UV irradiation did not enhance DOX leakage from MGL liposomes. We demonstrated the cellular uptake of MGL liposomes into murine cells derived from colon cancer (Colon 26 cells) using flow cytometry, and we found that the uptake was governed by a clathrin-dependent endocytosis pathway. Confocal fluorescence microscopic observations of Colon 26 cells treated with MGL liposomes encapsulating DOX revealed that DOX was localized in endosomes under dark conditions, while DOX was observed in the cytosol and nucleus after UV irradiation. The viability of Colon 26 cells treated with MGL liposomes encapsulating DOX was reduced by UV irradiation, indicating photo-induced enhancement of anti-cancer efficacy.
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Cell delivery reagents often exploit the endocytic pathway as a route of cell entry. Once endocytosed, these reagents must overcome endosomal entrapment to insure the release of their macromolecular c...
Nanoparticles (NPs) are one of the leading and promising technologies for gene and drug delivery. However, despite continuous advancements in the delivery of NPs, endosomal escape remains a major issu...
A novel liposome with photo-responsiveness was prepared by a combined method of thin film hydration and supercritical carbon dioxide technique. In liposomes, curcumin and 4-butylazobenzene-4-hexyloxy-...
The extremely inefficient endosomal escape and intracellular release are the central barriers for effective nanocarrier-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics. Accelerating endosomal escape and...
Internal acidification of the influenza virus, mediated by the M2 proton channel, is a key step in its life cycle. The interior M1 protein shell dissolves at pH~5.5 to 6.0, allowing the release of vRN...
This trial is conducted in the United States of America (USA). The purpose of this clinical research trial is to understand how safe and effective Recombinant Activated FVII is for reduci...
This study aimed to assess the clinical and radiographic success for photo-activated oral disinfection (PAD) and calcium hydroxide in indirect pulp treatment (IPT) of young permanent molar...
This study aims to compare regenerative endodontics for necrotic young permanent anterior teeth using oral photo-activated disinfection versus triple antibiotic paste in terms of: 1. Cl...
A phase II,randomized,double-blind,multi-doses,positive drug parallel controlled,multi-center clinical trial to evaluate initially the efficacy and safety of alprostadil liposomes for inje...
The GENETIC RECOMBINATION of the parts of two or more GENES resulting in a gene with different or additional regulatory regions, or a new chimeric gene product. ONCOGENE FUSION includes an ONCOGENE as at least one of the fusion partners and such gene fusions are often detected in neoplastic cells and are transcribed into ONCOGENE FUSION PROTEINS. ARTIFICIAL GENE FUSION is carried out in vitro by RECOMBINANT DNA technology.
The GENETIC RECOMBINATION of the parts of two or more GENES, including an ONCOGENE as at least one of the fusion partners. Such gene fusions are often detected in neoplastic cells and are transcribed into ONCOGENE FUSION PROTEINS.
Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.
A class I viral fusion protein that forms the characteristic spikes, or peplomers, found on the viral surface that mediate virus attachment, fusion, and entry into the host cell. During virus maturation, it is cleaved into two subunits: S1, which binds to receptors in the host cell, and S2, which mediates membrane fusion.
Single membrane vesicles, generally made of PHOSPHOLIPIDS.
<!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->Drug delivery technologies are <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->patent pr...
Colon or Colorectal cancer is the growth of malignant polyps on the colon, bowel, anus and rectum. Growths in these locations can be benign, and removed by colonoscopy, but they have a risk of becoming malignant. About 10 per cent of bowel cancer...