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Bovine brucellosis is a major zoonosis and is responsible for significant reproductive disorders and production losses in cattle. Surveillance and control are regulated at the European level with specific conditions to obtain and maintain the officially free status, which facilitates access to export markets. These European standards allow for harmonisation in brucellosis surveillance and diagnosis while leaving some flexibility to countries in the choice of measures to meet the desired objectives. This study reviews the bovine brucellosis surveillancesystems currently in place across the European continent, according to countries' brucellosis status, based on a survey addressed to brucellosis diagnosis expertsin the National Reference Laboratory of each country. Experts were asked toprovide synthesised surveillance data and to describe technical conditions andscreening tests carried out for the surveillance of abortions, serological testing inherds, movement controls and any other surveillance components in 2015. Results were obtained for 34 out of 37 countries (92%). Surveillance systems included abortion surveillance (34 countries), routine herd screening (28 countries), movement testing (14 countries), routine testing at bull stations (9 countries),and screening tests at slaughterhouses (4 countries). The review highlighted variability in technical conditions and screening tests among countries. These results are discussed with regard to the European Union regulations, disease risks and epidemiological situations, with the aim of improving surveillance efficacy and efficiency.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics)
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A disease of cattle caused by bacteria of the genus BRUCELLA leading to abortion in late pregnancy. BRUCELLA ABORTUS is the primary infective agent.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
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Process that is gone through in order for a device to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required preclinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance. It is not restricted to FDA.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.