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Cleft lip, alveolus and palate is a congenital malformation caused by the lack of fusion of the lip and palate embryonic processes, which may disrupt the main functions of the stomatognathic system. Aim: This study aimed to assess the orofacial dysfunction in individuals with cleft lip, alveolus, and palate compared to non-cleft patients. One hundred and twenty individuals between 32 and 65 years of age were selected in the Craniofacial Center and in the School of Dentistry and divided into two groups: non-cleft patients (N-CLAP) and cleft lip, alveolus, and palate patients (CLAP). The two groups were matched by gender. Each individual was interviewed and submitted to a clinical evaluation during which the NOT-S was used to assess orofacial dysfunction. To verify the intra-examiner agreement, the values were compared using the Kappa test. The Mann-Whitney test compared performance on the NOT-S between the groups. The Chi-Square test compared the NOT-S domains between the groups. A comparison of the NOT-S scores between the groups revealed statistically significant differences in gender (p<0.001), but no statistically significant differences in the intragroup gender comparison were found. The assessment of the NOT-S domains between the N-CLAP and CLAP groups exhibited statistically significant differences in domains: breathing (p=0.021), chewing and swallowing (p<0.001), and dryness of the mouth (p=0.002) of the interview and significant differences in all domains of the clinical examination (p<0.001). Individuals with CLAP showed more orofacial dysfunction than non-cleft patients, without gender differences, after being assessed through the NOT-S.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Brazilian dental journal
Nonsyndromic orofacial cleft (NSOFC) including cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) and cleft palate (CP) are multifactorial developmental disorders with both genetic and environmental etiol...
To evaluate the presence of maxillary gap (MG) and abnormal retronasal triangle (RT) as markers of cleft palate (CP) with and without cleft lip in the first trimester and to assess their association w...
Cleft lip and palatal clefts are one of the most common birth defects with a global incidence of 1 in 700 live births. The majority of these orofacial clefts are nonsyndromic. However, a general scree...
Cleft lip and palate children have chronic otitis media related to Eustachian Tube dysfunction and associated conductive hearing loss. In this group of children, communicative skill development limita...
To (1) assess nasolabial outcomes across four main cleft subgroups, (2) assess agreement using a categorical and a continuous scoring measure and (3) compare outcomes to international studies.
Early neonatal cheiloplasty is modified surgery protocol applied in the first week of newborn's life used for treating orofacial cleft patients. This prospective study analyzes the effects...
Despite significant progress made in identification on numerous genes and gene pathways critical for craniofacial development, several approaches, ie mutation screening of specific candida...
OBJECTIVE: To compare otologic and rhinologic outcomes in patients with cleft palate according to surgical protocols and type of cleft. DESIGN: Monocentric retrospective and...
The objective of this study is to analyze prevalence of orofacial dysfunction in children with cerebral palsy by using Nordic Orofacial Test screening (NOT-S) and its association with oral...
A Study to Learn More About the Relationship Between the Development of a Gap in the Upper Lip (Cleft Lip) or in the Roof of the Mouth (Cleft Palate) in Newborns and the Use of Glucocorticoids by the Mother During Pregnancy: a Meta-analysis
Glucocorticoids are drugs that have many effects on body metabolism, raise sugar level in the blood, and reduce inflammation. By applying a statistical technique for combining the findings...
A condition characterized by persistent or recurrent labial enlargement, ORAL ULCER, and other orofacial manifestations in the absence of identifiable CROHN DISEASE; or SARCOIDOSIS. There is no consensus on whether orofacial granulomatosis is a distinct clinical disorder or an initial presentation of Crohn disease.
Surgical procedure to add bone to the ALVEOLAR RIDGE in children born with a CLEFT LIP and a CLEFT PALATE.
Cortical malformations characterized by grey matter-lined cleft or cyst that extends from the EPENDYMA often to the PIA MATER outer surface. The grey matter that lines the cleft is often POLYMICROGYRIA. It is associated with developmental delay, motor disturbance and seizures.
An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by brachygnathia and cleft palate, often associated with glossoptosis, backward and upward displacement of the larynx, and angulation of the manubrium sterni. Cleft palate makes sucking and swallowing difficult, permitting easy access of fluids into the larynx. It may appear in several syndromes or as an isolated hypoplasia. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A chromosome disorder associated with TRISOMY of all or part of CHROMOSOME 13. Clinical manifestations include CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS (e.g., PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS), facial malformations (e.g., CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; COLOBOMA; MICROPHTHALMIA); HYPOTONIA, digit malformations (e.g., POLYDACTYLY or SYNDACTYLY), and SEIZURES and severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY associated with NERVOUS SYSTEM MALFORMATIONS.
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....
Collaborations in biotechnology
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