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Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that causes listeriosis and can lead to serious clinical problems, such as sepsis and meningitis, in immunocompromised patients and neonates. Due to a growing number of antibiotic-resistant L. monocytogenes strains, listeriosis can steadily become refractory to antibiotic treatment. To develop novel therapeutics against listeriosis, the drug resistance mechanism of L. monocytogenes needs to be determined. The transcription factor LftR from L. monocytogenes regulates the expression of a putative multidrug resistance transporter, LieAB, and belongs to the PadR-2 subfamily of the PadR family. Despite the functional significance of LftR, our molecular understanding of the transcriptional regulatory mechanism for LftR and even for the PadR-2 subfamily is highly limited. Here, we report the crystal structure of LftR, which forms a dimer and protrudes two winged helix-turn-helix motifs for DNA recognition. Structure-based mutational and comparative analyses showed that LftR interacts with operator DNA through a LftR-specific mode as well as a common mechanism used by the PadR family. Moreover, the LftR dimer harbors one intersubunit cavity in the center of the dimeric structure as a putative ligand-binding site. Finally, conformational flexibilities in the LftR dimer and in the cavity suggest that a ligand-induced regulatory mechanism would be used by the LftR transcription factor.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
An interferon regulatory factor that represses transcription of TYPE I INTERFERONS and activates transcription of HISTONE H4.
A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
A family of eukaryotic transcription factors that recognize and bind to a highly-conserved cis-regulatory sequence (X-box) within the promoter region of MHC CLASS II GENES. They contain a conserved winged-helix DNA binding domain and function as homo or heterodimers.
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