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Reactive Oxygen/Nitrogen Species (ROS/RNS) produced by macrophages inside their phagolysosomes are closely related to immunity and inflammation by being involved in the removal of pathogens, altered cells, etc. The existence of a homeostatic mechanism regulating the ROS/RNS amounts inside phagolysosomes has been invoked to account for the efficiency of this crucial process but this could never be unambiguously documented. In this work, intracellular electrochemical analysis with platinized nanowires electrodes (Pt-NWEs) allowed monitoring ROS/RNS effluxes with sub-millisecond resolution from individual phagolysosomes randomly impacting onto the electrode inserted inside a living macrophage. This evidenced for the first time that the consumption of ROS/RNS by their oxidation at the nanoelectrode surface stimulates the production of significant ROS/RNS amounts inside phagolysosomes. These results established the existence of the long-time postulated ROS/RNS homeostasis and allowed quantifying its kinetics and efficiency. ROS/RNS concentrations may then be maintained at sufficiently high levels for sustaining proper pathogen digestion rates without endangering the macrophage internal structures.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English)
We compare electrochemically modified or thiol functionalized single-crystal samples of the topological insulator (TI) Bi2Te0.9Se2.1 to freshly cleaved/air exposed control samples, and use X-ray photo...
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Use of cutaneous electrochemical conductance for preclinical screening of small-caliber nerve fibers
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Assaying the products of or monitoring various biochemical processes and reactions in an individual cell.
A scanning probe microscopy technique that uses an ultramicroelectrode as the scanning probe that simultaneously records changes in electrochemical potential as it scans thereby creating topographical images with localized electrochemical information.
Physiologic or biochemical monitoring of the fetus. It is usually done during LABOR, OBSTETRIC and may be performed in conjunction with the monitoring of uterine activity. It may also be performed prenatally as when the mother is undergoing surgery.
A single citation covering several articles of various degrees of specificity or a single citation covering papers or abstracts presented at a meeting. A subject overall refers to a series of articles on a single subject; a congress overall refers to papers presented at a formal local, regional, national, or international gathering; a society overall refers to papers presented at an annual, semi-annual, monthly, weekly, or other meeting of a society, academy, institute, hospital, etc. The publication type may be used for a single citation with or without the additional indexing or cataloging of individual papers. The individual papers, however, are not labeled OVERALL.
An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...