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Monitoring the Aggregation of GPCRs by Fluorescence Microscopy.

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Monitoring the Aggregation of GPCRs by Fluorescence Microscopy."

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) contain highly hydrophobic domains that are subject to aggregation when exposed to the crowded environment of the cytoplasm. Many events can lead to protein aggregation such as mutations, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and misfolding. These processes have been widely known to impact GPCR folding, maturation, and localization. Protein aggregates are transported toward the microtubule-organizing center via dynein to form a large juxta-nuclear structure called the aggresome, and in due course, are then targeted for degradation. Here, we describe a method to study aggregation of GPCRs by fluorescence microscopy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
ISSN: 1940-6029
Pages: 289-302

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.

Fluorescence microscopy utilizing multiple low-energy photons to produce the excitation event of the fluorophore. Multiphoton microscopes have a simplified optical path in the emission side due to the lack of an emission pinhole, which is necessary with normal confocal microscopes. Ultimately this allows spatial isolation of the excitation event, enabling deeper imaging into optically thick tissue, while restricting photobleaching and phototoxicity to the area being imaged.

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