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Chromate detoxification potential of Staphylococcus sp. isolates from an estuary.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chromate detoxification potential of Staphylococcus sp. isolates from an estuary."

Chromium (Cr) pollution is an emerging environmental problem. The present study was carried out to isolate Cr-resistant bacteria and characterize their Cr detoxification and resistance ability. Bacteria screened by exposure to chromate (Cr) were isolated from Mandovi estuary Goa, India. Two isolates expressed high resistance to Cr (MIC ≥ 300 µg mL), Cr (MIC ≥ 900 µg mL), other toxic heavy metals and displayed a pattern of resistance to cephalosporins and ß-lactams. Biochemical and 16 S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that both isolates tested belonged to the Staphylococcus genus and were closely related to S. saprophyticus and S. arlettae. Designated as strains NIOER176 and NIOER324, batch experiments demonstrated that both removed 100% of 20 and 50 µg mL Cr within 4 and 10 days, respectively. The rate of reduction in both peaked at 0.260 µg mL h. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter gene involved in transport of a variety of substrates including efflux of toxicants was present in strain NIOER176. Through SDS-PAGE analysis, whole-cell proteins extracted from both strains indicated chromium-induced specific induction and up-regulation of 24 and 40 kDa proteins. Since bacterial ability to ameliorate Cr is of practical significance, these findings demonstrate strong potential of some estuarine bacteria to detoxify Cr even when its concentrations far exceed the concentrations reported from many hazardous effluents and chromium contaminated natural habitats. Such potential of salt tolerant bacteria would help in Cr bioremediation efforts.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ecotoxicology (London, England)
ISSN: 1573-3017
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