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Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a collective term that encompasses a set of clinical problems that affect the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint, and associated structures. Despite their high clinical prevalence, the mechanisms of chronic craniofacial muscle pain are not yet well understood. Treatments for TMD pain relief and control should be minimally invasive, reversible, and conservative. Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a promising option once it is known to inhibit inflammatory response and to relief painful symptoms. Herein, the effects of PBM (660 nm, 30 mW, 16 J/cm, 0.2 cm, 15 s in a continuous frequency) on the pain sensitivity of rats submitted to an experimental model of TMD induced by CFA was evaluated. Experimental TMD was induced in rats by the injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injection into the masseter muscle. Nociceptive behavior was evaluated by electronic von Frey before CFA and after 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, and 24 h and 7, 14, and 21 days after PBM treatment. Inflammatory infiltrate was evaluated by histology of the masseter muscle and fractalkine expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry of the trigeminal ganglia. PBM reversed the mechanical hypersensitivity of the animals by inhibiting the local inflammatory response, observed by the decrease of the inflammatory infiltrate in the masseter muscle of rats and by a central inhibition of fractalkine observed in the trigeminal ganglion. These data provide new insights into the mechanisms involved in the effects of photobiomodulation therapy emphasizing its therapeutic potential in the treatment of TMD.
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Name: Lasers in medical science
Our objective was to test the antidepressant effect of transcranial photobiomodulation (t-PBM) with near-infrared (NIR) light in subjects suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD).
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the most common reason of non-dental pain in the orofacial region. A clinical examination of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with additional imaging is the most...
To assess the relationship between Intimate partner violence (IPV) (a highly prevalent form of domestic abuse) with the subsequent development of Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD).
The aim was to review the literature regarding genetic contributions to temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) after our 2008 publication.
Photobiomodulation (PBM) with red and near-infrared light (NIR) -also known as Low-Level Light Therapy-is a low risk, inexpensive treatment-based on non-retinal exposure-under study for several neurop...
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) and manual therapy (MT) isolated or combined in the reduce of pain, the improve of mandibular movemen...
Temporomandibular Dysfunction - TMD is considered the main cause of orofacial pain of non-dental origin, and a public health problem. Due to their complexity there are already treatments u...
The aim of this study is to valuate the effects of LED photobiomodulation on analgesia during labor.ight-emitting diode (LED) photobiomodulation is an effective and noninvasive alternative...
Tinnitus is one of the most prevalent symptoms and that causes more disability in patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The present study postulates the possible link between the...
The aim of the study is, to evaluate the whole body posture and plantar pressure distributions in individuals with Temporomandibular Disorder and also in people with healthy temporomandibu...
ARTHRITIS that is induced in experimental animals. Immunological methods and infectious agents can be used to develop experimental arthritis models. These methods include injections of stimulators of the immune response, such as an adjuvant (ADJUVANTS, IMMUNOLOGIC) or COLLAGEN.
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
A potent inhibitor of membrane metalloendopeptidase (ENKEPHALINASE). Thiorphan potentiates morphine-induced ANALGESIA and attenuates naloxone-precipitated withdrawal symptoms.
An experimental animal model for central nervous system demyelinating disease. Inoculation with a white matter emulsion combined with FREUND'S ADJUVANT, myelin basic protein, or purified central myelin triggers a T cell-mediated immune response directed towards central myelin. The pathologic features are similar to MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, including perivascular and periventricular foci of inflammation and demyelination. Subpial demyelination underlying meningeal infiltrations also occurs, which is also a feature of ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, ACUTE DISSEMINATED. Passive immunization with T-cells from an afflicted animal to a normal animal also induces this condition. (From Immunol Res 1998;17(1-2):217-27; Raine CS, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p604-5)
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...