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The phosphate starvation response 1 (PHR1) protein has a central role in mediating the response to phosphate starvation in plants. PHR1 is composed of a number of domains including a MYB domain involved with DNA-binding and a coiled-coil domain proposed to be involved with dimer formation. PHR1 binds to the promoter of phosphate starvation-induced genes to control the levels of phosphate required for nutrition. Previous studies have shown that both the MYB domain and the coiled-coil domain of PHR1 are required for binding the target DNA. Here, we describe the crystal structure of the PHR1 MYB domain and two structures of its complex with the PHR1-binding DNA sequence (P1BS). Structural and isothermal titration calorimetry has been carried out showing that the MYB domain of PHR1 alone is sufficient for target DNA recognition and binding. Two copies of the PHR1 MYB domain bind to the same major groove of the P1BS DNA with few direct interactions between the individual MYB domains. In addition, the PHR1 MYB-P1BS DNA complex structures reveal amino acid residues involved in DNA recognition and binding. Mutagenesis of these residues results in lost or impaired ability of PHR1 MYB to bind to its target DNA. The results presented reveal the structural basis for DNA recognition by the PHR1 MYB domain and demonstrate that two PHR1 MYB domains attach to their P1BS DNA targeting sequence. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Name: The FEBS journal
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Cytosolic signaling adaptor proteins that were initially discovered by their role in the innate immunity (IMMUNITY, INNATE) response of organisms that lack an adaptive immune system. This class of proteins contains three domains, a C-terminal ligand recognition domain, an N-terminal effector-binding domain, and a centrally located nuclear-binding oligomerization domain. Many members of this class contain a C-terminal leucine rich domain which binds to PEPTIDOGLYCAN on the surface of BACTERIA and plays a role in pathogen resistance.
A family of RNA-BINDING PROTEINS that contain an RNA RECOGNITION MOTIF and two ribonucleoprotein (RNP) domains which bind RNA, in addition to other domains that allow for high affinity binding, sequence specificity, and protein interactions. Examples of RNA recognition motif proteins include HETEROGENEOUS NUCLEAR RIBONUCLEARPROTEINS (hnRNP) and EMBRYONIC LETHAL ABNORMAL-VISION (ELAV) proteins.
A subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex whose primary function is to provide structural support for the catalytic and substrate-recognition modules of the complex. Apc4, along with Apc5, tethers the tetratricopeptide-coactivator binding subcomplex to the main structural subunit, Apc1.
A subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex whose primary function is to provide structural support for the catalytic and substrate-recognition modules of the complex. Apc5, along with Apc4, tethers the tetratricopeptide-coactivator binding subcomplex to the main structural subunit, Apc1.
Intracellular signaling proteins that are defined by the presence of a NUCLEOTIDE-binding region and LEUCINE-rich repeats. Their general structure consists of any of a variety of effector domains at their N-termini such as a caspase recruitment domain (CARD), a central nucleotide-binding domain, and a variable number of C-terminal leucine-rich repeats. They are important for pathogen recognition in the INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE of animals and plants. Members of the NLR protein family include the NOD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
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