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In this study we investigated nucleotide usage biases along the length of a gene encoding human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and found out that there had been mutational GC-pressure with stronger asymmetric C-pressure in that gene before the preferable direction of nucleotide mutations changed. Current preferable direction of germline mutations in EGFR gene has been estimated with the help of Ensembl data base of gene variations. Preferable direction of somatic mutations in EGFR gene from cancer cells has been estimated with the help of COSMIC data base. Both germline and somatic mutations in cancer cells have the same GC to AT preferable direction in EGFR gene. These data have been used with the aim to find fragments of EGFR gene that have lower probability of missense C to T and G to A transitions to occur. So, the less mutable parts of extracellular EGFR domain are: C-terminal part of the first beta barrel and the central part of the second beta barrel. The less mutable parts of tyrosine kinase EGFR domain are: ATP-binding site (partially), regulatory alpha helix, and fragments that change their secondary structure during the activation process. These parts of EGFR should be considered as the best targets for new types of therapy development. Such criterion as low mutability is especially important for the selection of targets for anti-tumor therapy, since we have detected positive selection of amino acid replacements during somatic mutagenesis of EGFR gene in cancer cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Mutation research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression levels in Cellprep® (CP).
The characterization of breast cancer according to its proliferative activity and the expression of estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 is a labora...
Impaired wound healing and skin dehydration are the mainstay of systemic sclerosis (SSc) cutaneous manifestations. Aquaporin-3 (AQP3) has a pivotal role in skin hydration and wound healing. Epidermal ...
The potential of the positron-emitting zirconium-89 (Zr) (t = 78.4 h) has been recently reported for immune positron emission tomography (immunoPET) radioimmunoconjugates design. In our work, we...
Buparlisib plus fulvestrant versus placebo plus fulvestrant for postmenopausal, hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, advanced breast cancer: Overall survival results from BELLE-2.
Buparlisib, a pan-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, plus fulvestrant in the BELLE-2 study significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with hormone receptor-positiv...
RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood and urine in the laboratory from patients with cancer receiving epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors may help doctors understand the effect of e...
Two thirds or more of breast cancers are dependent on estrogen for growth. We use a number of estrogen-blocking medicines for treatment of metastatic breast cancer. The treatment respons...
The present study will investigate the feasibility and clinical value of using circulating tumor DNA as selection for anti-epidermal growth factor receptor treatment for metastatic colorec...
Detection of the Emergence of RAS (Rat Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog) Mutations in Circulating DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) in Patients With mCRC (Metastatic Colorectal Cancer) During Treatment With Anti-EGFR (Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor) Therapy
The analysis of circulating DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) to identify potential resistance mechanisms during anti-EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) treatment is of great interest, as e...
RATIONALE: Studying samples of tissue from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors identify and learn more about biomarkers related to cancer. It may also help doctors pred...
A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA, amphiregulin, and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.
A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and epithelial cells.
A fibroblast growth factor receptor that is found in two isoforms. One receptor isoform is found in the MESENCHYME and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 2. A second isoform of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 is found mainly in EPITHELIAL CELLS and is activated by FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 7 and FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 10. Mutation of the gene for fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 can result in APERT SYNDROME.
A cell surface protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is specific for NEUREGULINS. It has extensive homology to and can heterodimerize with the EGF Receptor (RECEPTOR, EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR) and the erbB-2 receptor (RECEPTOR, ERBB-2). Overexpression of the erbB-3 receptor is associated with tumorigenesis.
Factor isolated in a variety of tissues including epithelium, and maternal decidua. It is closely related to EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and binds to the EGF receptor. TGF-alpha acts synergistically with TGF-beta in inducing phenotypic transformation, but its physiological role is unknown.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...