Visual input drives increased occipital responsiveness and harmonized oscillations in multiple cortical areas in migraineurs.

08:00 EDT 3rd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Visual input drives increased occipital responsiveness and harmonized oscillations in multiple cortical areas in migraineurs."

Migraineurs are hypersensitive for most sensory domains like visual, auditory or somatosensory processing even outside of attacks. This behavioral peculiarity is mirrored by findings of cortical hyper-responsivity already in the interictal state. Using repetitive visual stimulation to elicit steady state visually evoked potentials (SSVEP) in 30 interictal episodic migraineurs and 30 controls we show hyper-responsivity of the visual cortex in the migraineurs. Additionally, the occipital regions were remarkably stronger coupled to the temporal, premotor and the anterior cingulate cortex than in headache free controls. These data suggest harmonized oscillations of different cortical areas as a response to visual input which might be driven by the cuneus. Furthermore, the increased coupling is modulated by the current state of the migraine cycle as the coupling was significantly stronger in patients with longer interictal periods.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: NeuroImage. Clinical
ISSN: 2213-1582
Pages: 101815


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The functional superiority and preferential use of one eye over the other. The term is usually applied to superiority in sighting (VISUAL PERCEPTION) or motor task but not difference in VISUAL ACUITY or dysfunction of one of the eyes. Ocular dominance can be modified by visual input and NEUROTROPHIC FACTORS.

Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions. Visual disability refers to inability of the individual to perform specific visual tasks, such as reading, writing, orientation, or traveling unaided. (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132)

The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.

Total loss of vision in all or part of the visual field due to bilateral OCCIPITAL LOBE (i.e., VISUAL CORTEX) damage or dysfunction. Anton syndrome is characterized by the psychic denial of true, organic cortical blindness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p460)

Area of the occipital lobe concerned with vision.

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