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Heightened concentration of maternal cortisol is a frequently proposed mechanism linking adverse maternal environments with poor birth outcomes, including birth weight. It is commonly hypothesized that prenatal exposures have sexually dimorphic effects on fetal development, however few studies have assessed the effects of fetal sex on the relationship between maternal cortisol and birth outcomes.
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Background Maternal early pregnancy overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25.0-29.9 kg/m) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m) are associated with mental and physical health adversities in the offspring....
Newborn telomere length is a potential biomarker of the effects of maternal-fetal processes on offspring long-term health. A number of maternal psychosocial and environmental factors in pregnancy (e.g...
Prenatal maternal stress is an established risk factor for somatic and psychological health of the offspring. A dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in offspring has been sug...
Dysregulations in maternal hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal function and the end product, cortisol, have been associated with a heightened risk for stress-related health complications during pregnancy a...
Prenatal stress affects the health of the pregnant woman and the fetus. Cortisol blood levels are elevated in pregnancy, and fetal exposure to cortisol is regulated by the placenta enzyme 11β-HSD2. A...
According to scientific revisions, salivary cortisol is a valid method for measuring adrenocortical activity in newborns because it is non-invasive in fact the measurement of salivary cort...
The main objective of the study is to assess the sensitivity of the salivary cortisol dosage at 23 hours compared to the serum cortisol dosage at 8 am after overnight 1-mg dexamethasone su...
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the use of headphones in salivary cortisol levels in newborns (NB) during periods of nap aimed at noise reduction, brightness and ...
The purpose of this study is to examine the association between maternal alcohol use and newborn phosphatidylethanol (PEth) levels in their newborn.
In mitotane treated patients, serum cortisol cannot be used to diagnose hypoadrenalism, since mitotane increases cortisol binding globulin levels (CBG), artificially raising total cortisol...
Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.
Meta-analysis of randomized trials in which estimates of comparative treatment effects are visualized and interpreted from a network of interventions that may or may not have been evaluated directly against each other. Common considerations in network meta-analysis include conceptual and statistical heterogeneity and incoherence.
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Pregnancy in which the mother and/or FETUS are at greater than normal risk of MORBIDITY or MORTALITY. Causes include inadequate PRENATAL CARE, previous obstetrical history (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS), pre-existing maternal disease, pregnancy-induced disease (GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION), and MULTIPLE PREGNANCY, as well as advanced maternal age above 35.