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Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are important antioxidant enzymes that occur in virtually all oxygen-respiring organisms, and copper/zinc SOD (Cu/ZnSOD) is one of the most important SODs. In the present study, Macrobrachium rosenbergii Cu/Zn-SOD was expressed in a yeast eukaryotic system. The open reading frame (ORF) of MrCu/ZnSOD was cloned into the plasmid vector pHAC181, and the recombinant plasmid was integrated into the downstream region of the GAL1 promoter in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain GAL1-ScRCH1 via homologous recombination. The resulting recombinant MrCu/ZnSOD consisted of a 3 × HA-tag at its C-terminal. Via western blot, the molecular weight of the recombinant MrCu/ZnSOD was estimated at about 30 kDa. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values of this recombinant MrCu/ZnSOD ranged from 0.556 to 0.840 μM, and from 0.967 to 2.015 μM, respectively. The recombinant MrCu/ZnSOD protein was able to agglutinate four Gram-negative bacterial strains, as well as two of three Gram-positive strains (except Staphylococcus aureus). This demonstrated that the recombinant protein possessed some antimicrobial activity against certain Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. M. rosenbergii were fed with the recombinant yeast strain MrCu/ZnSOD for 4 weeks and then challenged with the most common crustacean pathogen, Vibrio parahaemolyticus. This group of prawns presented lower mortality, higher enzymatic activity, and higher expression of the mRNA of immune-related genes than that in the control groups. Taken together, these results suggest that MrCu/ZnSOD is an antioxidant enzyme and antimicrobial peptide involved in the crustacean innate immune system and offers protection to the host against pathogenic bacteria.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
Macrobrachium rosenbergii Nodavirus (MrNV) causes white tail disease (WTD) in Giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii which leads to immense economic losses in hatcheries and farms. In the pr...
White tail disease caused by Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV) infection takes place only in nauplii, not adults, of M. rosenbergii prawn. Hemocyte homeostasis and immune-related functions de...
White Tail Disease (WTD) is one of the important viral diseases of fresh water giant prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, which is caused by Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV). In the present stud...
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The effect of low level cobalt-60 (Co) gamma radiation on the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii was evaluated by observing their haemocyte counts and biochemical parameters.
When exposed to oxygen immediately after birth, newborns suffer from an oxidative stress with a significant decrease in serum concentration of the anti-oxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase....
This study is designed to evaluate the impact of oral consumption of the probiotic yeast CNCM I-3856 on healthy vaginal microbiota
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of BIIB067 in participants with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Caused by Superoxide Dismutase 1 Mutat...
Oxidative stress has been reported to play a role in melasma pathophysiology. The objective of the study is to compare oral superoxide dismutase (GLISODin) to placebo, in combination to su...
The study will be a Phase 1, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single dose escalation study designed to evaluate the safety and PK of intravenously administered superoxide dism...
A superoxide dismutase (SOD1) that requires copper and zinc ions for its activity to destroy SUPEROXIDE FREE RADICALS within the CYTOPLASM. Mutations in the SOD1 gene are associated with AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS-1.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 184.108.40.206.
A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 220.127.116.11.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
Recombinant DNA is the formation of a novel DNA sequence by the formation of two DNA strands. These are taken from two different organisms. These recombinant DNA molecules can be made with recombinant DNA technology. The procedure is to cut the DNA of ...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...