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Despite their paramount role in plant life, the study of roots has been largely neglected until recently. Here, I shortly describe a few newly-discovered abilities of plants to undergo adaptive changes and execute developmental decisions based on roots' perception of non-resource information pertaining to imminent challenges and opportunities. Seemingly simple in their morphology and architecture and lacking central information-processing centres, roots are able to sense and integrate complex cues and signals over time and space that allow plants to perform elaborate behaviours analogous, some claim even homologous, to those of intelligent animals. Although our knowledge of root behaviour is rapidly expanding, further understanding of its underlying mechanisms is largely preliminary, calling for detailed investigation of the involved cues, signals and information processing controls, as well as their implications for plant development, growth and reproduction under realistic ecological and agricultural settings.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Seminars in cell & developmental biology
Roots are important organs for plant survival. In recent years, clear differences between roots and shoots in their respective plant defense strategies have been highlighted. Some putative gene marker...
Microbial communities in roots and shoots of plants and in soil are important for plant growth and health and take part in important ecosystem processes. Therefore, understanding the factors that affe...
Plant roots must exclude almost all of the Na and Cl in saline soil while taking up water, otherwise these ions would build up to high concentrations in leaves. Plants evaporate about 50 times more wa...
The role of the cell wall in short-term Ni uptake at different solution Ni levels was investigated in mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L., cv. Inna). Both Ni-bind...
There has been an on-going pursuit for relations between the levels of chemicals in plants/crops and the source levels in soil or water in order to address impacts of toxic substances on human health ...
This study aims to explore whether the increased supply of dietary plant sterols and plant stanols have any influence on serum levels of phytosterols and on consistency of carotid atheroma...
The aim is to investigate the effects of yoghurt drinks containing two doses of plant stanol ester either with or without added camelina oil on the serum cholesterol levels in moderately h...
This randomized controlled double-blind intervention study unravels influence of dietary plant sterols and stanols on the structure and the sterol composition of the human aortic valve. Th...
This study evaluates the addition of medicinal plant in the treatment of diabetic foot keratosis. Half of participants will receive medicinal plant and other half will receive a placebo.
Isolated minority communities in China use traditional plant-based methods of mosquito control. This study is evaluating 4 plants used in this way by monitoring mosquitoes entering houses...
Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
The immediate physical zone surrounding plant roots that include the plant roots. It is an area of intense and complex biological activity involving plants, microorganisms, other soil organisms, and the soil.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
Dried rhizome and roots of Piper methysticum, a shrub native to Oceania and known for its anti-anxiety and sedative properties. Heavy usage results in some adverse effects. It contains ALKALOIDS; LACTONES; kawain, methysticin, mucilage, STARCH, and yangonin. Kava is also the name of the pungent beverage prepared from the plant's roots.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)