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Proteasomes play a key role in maintaining cellular homeostasis by the proteolytic removal of proteins, including ubiquitinated proteins and/or oxidatively-damaged proteins. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (BTZ) has been reported to exert testicular toxicity in mice. In the current study, we treated SOD1-knockout (KO) mice with BTZ and investigated the issue of whether oxidative stress is involved in the development of testicular toxicity. The BTZ treatment significantly increased superoxide production and cell death in the testes of SOD1-KO mice compared to wild-type (WT) mice. We also found that high levels of both ubiquitinated proteins and p62 accumulated and underwent aggregation in the seminiferous tubules of BTZ-injected SOD1-KO mice. Furthermore, the proteolytic activities of proteasomes were significantly decreased in the testes of BTZ-injected SOD1-KO mice compared to their WT counterparts. These results suggest that a combination of oxidative stress caused by an SOD1 deficiency and proteasome inhibition by BTZ accelerates the impairment of proteasomes, which results in severe testicular damage in SOD1-KO mice.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects
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A pyrazine and boronic acid derivative that functions as a reversible PROTEASOME INHIBITOR. It is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT in the treatment of MULTIPLE MYELOMA and MANTLE CELL LYMPHOMA.
A superoxide dismutase (SOD1) that requires copper and zinc ions for its activity to destroy SUPEROXIDE FREE RADICALS within the CYTOPLASM. Mutations in the SOD1 gene are associated with AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS-1.
Compounds that inhibit the function or proteolytic action of the PROTEASOME.
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