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In contrast to plants, algae and cyanobacteria that contain glycolipids as the major lipid components in their photosynthetic membranes, phospholipids are the dominant lipids in the membranes of anoxygenic purple phototrophic bacteria. Although the phospholipid compositions in whole cells or membranes are known for a limited number of the purple bacteria, little is known about the phospholipids associated with individual photosynthetic complexes. In this study, we investigated the phospholipid distributions in both membranes and the light-harvesting 1-reaction center (LH1-RC) complexes purified from several purple sulfur and nonsulfur bacteria. P NMR was used for determining the phospholipid compositions and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy was used for measuring the total phosphorous contents. Combining these two techniques, we could determine the numbers of specific phospholipids in the purified LH1-RC complexes. A total of approximate 20-30 phospholipids per LH1-RC were detected as the tightly bound lipids in all species. The results revealed that while cardiolipin (CL) exists as a minor component in the membranes, it became the most abundant phospholipid in the purified core complexes and the sum of CL and phosphatidylglycerol accounted for more than two thirds of the total phospholipids for most species. Preferential association of these anionic phospholipids with the LH1-RC is discussed in the context of the recent high-resolution structure of this complex from Thermochromatium (Tch.) tepidum. The detergent lauryldimethylamine N-oxide was demonstrated to selectively remove phosphatidylethanolamine from the membrane of Tch. tepidum.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochimica et biophysica acta. Bioenergetics
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Processes by which phototrophic organisms use sunlight as their primary energy source. Contrasts with chemotrophic processes which do not depend on light and function in deriving energy from exogenous chemical sources. Photoautotrophy (or photolithotrophy) is the ability to use sunlight as energy to fix inorganic nutrients to be used for other organic requirements. Photoautotrophs include all green plants, GREEN ALGAE; CYANOBACTERIA, and green and PURPLE SULFUR BACTERIA. Photoheterotrophs or photoorganotrophs require a supply of organic nutrients for their organic requirements but use sunlight as their primary energy source; examples include certain PURPLE NONSULFUR BACTERIA. Depending on environmental conditions some organisms can switch between different nutritional modes (AUTOTROPHY; HETEROTROPHY; chemotrophy; or phototrophy) to utilize different sources to meet their nutrients and energy requirements.
A family of phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria that deposit globules of elemental sulfur inside their cells. They are found in diverse aquatic environments.
Functionally and structurally differentiated, purple-pigmented regions of the cytoplasmic membrane of some strains of Halobacterium halobium. The membrane develops under anaerobic conditions and is made almost entirely of the purple pigment BACTERIORHODOPSINS. (From Singleton & Sainsbury Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised mostly of two major phenotypes: purple non-sulfur bacteria and aerobic bacteriochlorophyll-containing bacteria.
A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.
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