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Induction of Selenoprotein P mRNA during Hepatitis C Virus Infection Inhibits RIG-I-Mediated Antiviral Immunity.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Induction of Selenoprotein P mRNA during Hepatitis C Virus Infection Inhibits RIG-I-Mediated Antiviral Immunity."

Patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. HCV infection is linked to various liver abnormalities, potentially contributing to this association. We show that HCV infection increases the levels of hepatic selenoprotein P (SeP) mRNA (SEPP1 mRNA) and serum SeP, a hepatokine linked to insulin resistance. SEPP1 mRNA inhibits type I interferon responses by limiting the function of retinoic-acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I), a sensor of viral RNA. SEPP1 mRNA binds directly to RIG-I and inhibits its activity. SEPP1 mRNA knockdown in hepatocytes causes a robust induction of interferon-stimulated genes and decreases HCV replication. Clinically, high SeP serum levels are significantly associated with treatment failure of direct-acting antivirals in HCV-infected patients. Thus, SeP regulates insulin resistance and innate immunity, possibly inducing immune tolerance in the liver, and its upregulation may explain the increased risk of type 2 diabetes in HCV-infected patients.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cell host & microbe
ISSN: 1934-6069
Pages: 588-601.e7

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

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