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Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) cannot be considered a recent technique anymore. Its application has gained growing importance over the last decade in several clinical settings, and the deformation analysis has fully entered in diagnostic algorithms and guidelines of various pathologies. STE allows to track the displacement of "speckles" in two-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic images in an angle-independent way and to assess their movement (strain) during the cardiac cycle. Its high feasibility, reproducibility, and accuracy have been widely demonstrated. In this review, we describe how STE has been applied to different aspects of the daily clinical practice, including ischemic heart diseases, heart valve disease, heart failure, and prognostication, highlighting the possible added value that strain parameters have shown over the years.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)
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Accurate assessment of left and right ventricular systolic function plays a fundamental role in the prognostication and management of patients with known or suspected cardiovascular disease. Tradition...
Identification of significant coronary artery disease in patients with non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome by myocardial strain analyses using three dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography.
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Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography using the added dimension of time to impart the cinematic perception of motion. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.
Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with velocity detection combined with range discrimination. Short bursts of ultrasound are transmitted at regular intervals and the echoes are demodulated as they return.
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Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...