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Nonlinear Optical Response in Graphene/WX (X=S, Se and Te) van der Waals Heterostructures.

08:00 EDT 11th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nonlinear Optical Response in Graphene/WX (X=S, Se and Te) van der Waals Heterostructures."

Light-frequency conversion based on two-dimensional (2D) materials is of great importance for modern nano and integrated photonics. Herein, we report both the intrinsic (from the pure WX (X=S, Se and Te)) and extrinsic (from the interface of graphene/WX) second order nonlinear coefficient tensor from graphene/WX van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures by first-principles calculations. The prominent peaks in the dispersion relationship of the intrinsic second order nonlinear coefficient in monolayer WX are due to the Van Hove singularity in the high symmetry point or along the high symmetry line with high joint density of states. The enhanced nonlinear optical response in the infrared band can be achieved in graphene/WS vdW heterostructures, resulting from the interlayer charge transfer between graphene and WS. The value of the intrinsic second order nonlinear coefficients of graphene/WSe vdW heterostructures is two times larger than that of pure monolayer WSe at the bandgap energy of monolayer WSe due to the enhanced carrier generation at K point after the heterostructures formation. Different from pure monolayer WX, azimuthal angle dependent second harmonic generation from graphene/WX vdW heterostructures exhibits extraordinary rotational symmetry at different photon energy, which can be used to deduce the extrinsic second order nonlinear coefficient. These results pave the way for the nonlinear optical coefficient design based on 2D heterostructures for the nonlinear nano photonics and integrated devices.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of physical chemistry letters
ISSN: 1948-7185
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