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Positive Airway Pressure and Survival in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

08:00 EDT 11th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Positive Airway Pressure and Survival in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery
ISSN: 2168-619X
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PubMed Articles [36464 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association of Positive Airway Pressure Prescription With Mortality in Patients With Obesity and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The Sleep Heart Health Study.

The association of positive airway pressure (PAP) with reduced mortality in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) remains uncertain.

Continuous positive airway pressure alters brain microstructure and perfusion patterns in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

To assess the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on brain structure and function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on elderly patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a meta-analysis.

the aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in the elderly.

Normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: changes in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring with continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces blood pressure (BP) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertensive patients, but there is a lack of data about the effects of CPAP on t...

Normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: changes in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring with continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces blood pressure (BP) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertensive patients, but there is a lack of data about the effects of CPAP on t...

Clinical Trials [14989 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Positive Airway Pressure, Sleep Apnea, and the Placenta (PAP-SAP)

This study is testing the hypothesis of whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy improves placental histopathology and secretory function. The main aims of the study are ...

Interest of Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome by Constant CPAP and Auto CPAP

The investigators propose a multicentric controlled randomized trial whose goal is to evaluate the possibility of a prediction of the efficiency of APAP (automatic continuous positive airw...

Compliance With Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

The aim of the study is to know the adherence to treatment and compliance of patients diagnosed with SAHS and with indication of CPAP from the sleep unit of the Hospital de Sabadell.

Vasoactive Hormones During the Night in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Before and After Treatment With CPAP.

We wanted to test the hypothesis that treatment with continuous positive airway pressure reduces nocturnal hypoxia and thereby affecting levels of vasoactive hormones leading to a fall in ...

Effects of Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) in Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)

Obstructive sleep apnea is a problem for a large number of children and can result in problems with thinking patterns, behaviors and sleep if left untreated. Little is known about how posi...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)

Posterior displacement of the TONGUE toward the PHARYNX. It is often a feature in syndromes such as in PIERRE ROBIN SYNDROME and DOWN SYNDROME and associated with AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION during sleep (OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEAS).

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