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Diverse applications-ranging from enhanced oil recovery, filtration, and lab on a chip sorting-rely on the flow-induced transport of deformable particles in porous media. However, how fluid flow can force such particles to squeeze through pore constrictions of complex geometries is poorly understood. Here, we study the transport of model deformable particles in millifluidic porous media with constrictions of tunable aspect ratio. We find that multiple particles can unexpectedly squeeze through large-aspect ratio constrictions, even when isolated particles cannot. This phenomenon arises from pairwise flow-mediated interactions between the particles: when one particle is trapped at a constriction, the increased fluid flow around it enables a second to squeeze past due to locally increased hydrodynamic stresses. This cooperative mechanism causes the particles to ultimately sort themselves by size through the pore space. By revealing a new mode of deformable particle transport in porous media, our work helps to inform real-world applications and provides a straightforward way to sort particles based on size.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Soft matter
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Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
A set of protein subcomplexes involved in PROTEIN SORTING of UBIQUITINATED PROTEINS into intraluminal vesicles of MULTIVESICULAR BODIES and in membrane scission during formation of intraluminal vesicles, during the final step of CYTOKINESIS, and during the budding of enveloped viruses. The ESCRT machinery is comprised of the protein products of Class E vacuolar protein sorting genes.
A large family of phosphatidylinositol phosphate-binding proteins that are involved in mediating intracellular transport and sorting of proteins via a variety of endocytic pathways.
Culture media containing biologically active components obtained from previously cultured cells or tissues that have released into the media substances affecting certain cell functions (e.g., growth, lysis).
The means of interchanging or transmitting and receiving information. Historically the media were written: books, journals, newspapers, and other publications; in the modern age the media include, in addition, radio, television, computers, and information networks.