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Enzyme-catalysed biodegradation of carbon dots follows sequential oxidation in a time dependent manner.

08:00 EDT 11th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Enzyme-catalysed biodegradation of carbon dots follows sequential oxidation in a time dependent manner."

Carbon dots (CDs) have recently garnered significant attention owing to their excellent luminescence properties, thereby demonstrating a variety of applications in in vitro and in vivo imaging. Understanding the long-term metabolic fate of these agents in a biological environment is the focus of this work. Here we show that the CDs undergo peroxide catalysed degradation in the presence of lipase. Our results indicate that differently charged CD species exhibit unique degradation kinetics upon being subjected to enzyme oxidation. Furthermore, this decomposition correlates with the relative accessibility of the enzymatic molecule. Using multiple physico-chemical characterization studies and molecular modelling, we confirmed the interaction of passivating surface abundant molecules with the enzyme. Finally, we have identified hydroxymethyl furfural as a metabolic by-product of the CDs used here. Our results indicate the possibility and a likely mechanism for complete CD degradation in living systems that can pave the way for a variety of biomedical applications.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nanoscale
ISSN: 2040-3372
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of a carbon-carbon bond by means other than hydrolysis or oxidation. This subclass contains the DECARBOXYLASES, the ALDEHYDE-LYASES, and the OXO-ACID-LYASES. EC 4.1.

Enzymes of the isomerase class that catalyze the oxidation of one part of a molecule with a corresponding reduction of another part of the same molecule. They include enzymes converting aldoses to ketoses (ALDOSE-KETOSE ISOMERASES), enzymes shifting a carbon-carbon double bond (CARBON-CARBON DOUBLE BOND ISOMERASES), and enzymes transposing S-S bonds (SULFUR-SULFUR BOND ISOMERASES). (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 5.3.

A carbon-carbon double bond isomerase that catalyzes the movement double bond from C3 to C2 of an unsaturated acyl-CoA. The enzyme plays a key role in allowing acyl-CoA substrates to re-enter the beta-oxidation pathway.

An enzyme found primarily in SULFUR-REDUCING BACTERIA where it plays an important role in the anaerobic carbon oxidation pathway.

A light-activated enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of (S)-malate to OXALOACETATE. It is involved in PYRUVATE metabolism and CARBON fixation.

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