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The purpose of this review is to explain how diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is used during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams in pregnant patients for specific maternal indications, including evaluation of acute pelvic pain, adnexal masses, cancer diagnosis and staging, and morbidly adherent placenta. While ultrasound is often the appropriate initial imaging for evaluating a pregnant patient, MRI can be helpful when a pelvic ultrasound is indeterminate. MRI has advantages in that it does not use ionizing radiation and has shown no known deleterious effects to the fetus. The use of gadolinium-based contrast is controversial during pregnancy. DWI is a functional sequence performed during an MRI exam, which is valuable in the absence of gadolinium contrast, and can increase the visibility of inflammation, abscesses, and tumors. Case examples will be presented to demonstrate the utility and added value of DWI over conventional anatomic T1- and T2-weighted imaging in diagnosis of maternal disease in the pregnant patient's pelvis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of perinatology
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The use of diffusion ANISOTROPY data from diffusion magnetic resonance imaging results to construct images based on the direction of the faster diffusing molecules.
A diagnostic technique that incorporates the measurement of molecular diffusion (such as water or metabolites) for tissue assessment by MRI. The degree of molecular movement can be measured by changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with time, as reflected by tissue microstructure. Diffusion MRI has been used to study BRAIN ISCHEMIA and tumor response to treatment.
Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
Injury, weakening, or PROLAPSE of the pelvic muscles, surrounding connective tissues or ligaments (PELVIC FLOOR).
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Fertility Menopause Obstetrics & Gynaecology Osteoporosis Women's Health Obstetrics and gynaecology comprises the care of the pregnant woman, her unborn child and the management of diseases specific to women. Most consultant...