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Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of diabetic vascular complications. Microparticles (MPs) are small vesicles shed from the surface of blood and vascular cells that act as stimuli and during apoptosis. Circulating MPs of diabetic rats have been shown to induce endothelial dysfunction. However, the underlying mechanisms require further study. In this study, we investigated how MPs from diabetic mice affect endothelial function. MPs were collected from streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice and Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice as controls. The levels of MPs were assessed and characterized by flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and dot blotting. Normal mice aortas were incubated with MPs and expressions of enzymes and vascular relaxation were analyzed. We found that 1) circulating MPs level increased in diabetic mice; 2) MPs impaired endothelial-dependent relaxation in mice aorta, but diabetic mice-derived MPs (diabetes mellitus (DM) MPs) were easier to attach to the endothelial cells than were Control MPs; 3) DM MPs had more extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2 than did control mice-derived MPs, and they induced ERK1/2 activation in mice aortas; 4) DM MPs decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in mice aortas, and eNOS was emitted from endothelial cells to blood in the shape of endothelial MPs. DM MPs significantly altered endothelial function by activation of ERK1/2, which might provide a therapeutic target for diabetic vascular complications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of endocrinology
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