Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
During a quit attempt, high negative affect predicts relapse to smoking. In this study, we evaluated bidirectional longitudinal associations between smoking and negative affect among cancer patients treated with varenicline. Participants (N = 119, 50% female, M = 59 years) were smokers (≥5 cigarettes/week) who were diagnosed with cancer and were recruited for a 24-week trial of extended duration varenicline plus behavioral counseling; data for this secondary analyses were drawn from the 12-week open-label phase of the trial. Smoking was assessed via self-reported number of cigarettes in the past 24 h. Negative affect was assessed using the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS). Data were collected at pre-quit (week 0), target quit day (week 1), week 4, and week 12. We evaluated cross-lagged panel models for negative affect and smoking using PROC CALIS in SAS. Models were run separately for participants who were adherent (≥80% of medication taken) or nonadherent to varenicline. Among adherent participants (n = 96), smoking accounted for up to 22% of variance in subsequent negative affect throughout treatment. Cross-lagged associations were not observed between smoking and negative affect among non-adherent participants (n = 23). Negative affect did not predict subsequent smoking among either adherent or nonadherent participants. These results suggest that varenicline may attenuate abstinence-induced negative affect among cancer patients treated for nicotine dependence.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Addictive behaviors
Smoking cessation treatments currently succeed at a rate of approximately 20-30%, underscoring the importance of exploring factors that might increase intervention effectiveness. While negative affect...
Previous studies have shown that continued smoking among patients with cancer can increase overall and cancer-specific mortality, risk for second primary cancer, and risk for toxic effects of cancer t...
Prior studies established significant associations between e-cigarette use and combustible cigarette smoking in the general population; however, little is known about such associations among cancer su...
Cough is common in patients with lung cancer and current antitussive treatments are suboptimal. There is little published data describing cough in patients with lung cancer or work assessing clinical ...
Patients undergoing chronic dialysis often display sustained elevations of inflammation markers and also have a high prevalence of depressive symptoms. Although multiple studies demonstrated cross-sec...
Primary Objectives: 1. Compare real-time changes in smoking-relevant risk perceptions over time among smokers who successfully abstain from smoking and those who relapse during a m...
The goal of this study is to learn how neighborhood and individual factors affect the ability to stop smoking among Spanish-speaking Mexican American (MA) smokers who want to quit smoking.
Positive Psychotherapy for Smoking Cessation (PPT-S) addresses an array of risk factors for poor smoking outcomes (low positive affect, depressive symptoms, and cynical cognitions), while ...
The purpose of this study is to test different ways to help cancer patients maintain their smoking abstinence. Participants may receive educational materials as part of the study.
The purpose of this study is to examine how smoking cessation medications (varenicline, bupropion) affect the ability to resist smoking and also subsequent ad-lib smoking in non-treatment ...
A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.
Two extensive fibrous bands running the length of the vertebral column. The anterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale anterius; lacertus medius) interconnects the anterior surfaces of the vertebral bodies; the posterior longitudinal ligament (ligamentum longitudinale posterius) interconnects the posterior surfaces. The commonest clinical consideration is OSSIFICATION OF POSTERIOR LONGITUDINAL LIGAMENT. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Pipes for smoking tobacco, cannabis, and other substances, in which smoke is drawn through water. Do not confuse with SMOKING PIPES.
Gadgets, utensils, apparatuses or instruments used for SMOKING.
Devices used for SMOKING which convey SMOKE directly into the mouth.
Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...