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The plant immune system inhibits pathogen growth and contributes to shaping a healthy microbial community in the plant body. Plants must appropriately respond to both microbial signals and abiotic factors that are diverse in time and space, and thus, proper integration of these inputs at local and systemic levels is of crucial importance for optimal plant responses and fitness in nature. Here, we review our current knowledge of three properties of the plant immune system, resilience, tunability, and balance, which enable plants to deal with complex cocktails of environmental factors. We also discuss future challenges on the path towards a comprehensive understanding of the interactions between plant immunity and pathogenic, non-pathogenic, and beneficial microbes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current opinion in plant biology
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The biochemical and electrophysiological interactions between the NERVOUS SYSTEM and IMMUNE SYSTEM that result in regulation of the immune system by the nervous system.
Alteration of the immune system or of an immune response by agents that activate or suppress its function. This can include IMMUNIZATION or administration of immunomodulatory drugs. Immunomodulation can also encompass non-therapeutic alteration of the immune system effected by endogenous or exogenous substances.
Mechanisms of action and interactions of the components of the IMMUNE SYSTEM.
Regeneration of normal immune function after immune depleting procedures or infections (e.g., HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION). Delayed and incomplete reconstitution of the ADAPTIVE IMMUNE system in particular involving T-CELLS is associated with increase or relapse of infection.
Disorders caused by cellular or humoral immune responses primarily directed towards nervous system autoantigens. The immune response may be directed towards specific tissue components (e.g., myelin) and may be limited to the central nervous system (e.g., MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS) or the peripheral nervous system (e.g., GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME).
Allergies Automimmune Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Immunology Vaccine Immunology is the study of immunity and the defence mechanisms of the body. A greater understanding of immunology is needed to develop vaccines, understand ...