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Nitinols (Nickel-titanium alloys) have a good electrical conductivity and biocompatibility with human tissue and bacteria and, therefore, can be effectively used as an anode material in bioelectrochemical systems. This paper aimed to use nitinols (at different Ni/Ti ratios) as an anode material for microbial fuel cells (MFCs) in order to achieve higher power density. The maximum power densities of the MFCs using NiTi-1, NiTi-2, and NiTi-3 electrodes were 555 mW/m, 811 mW/m, and 652 mW/m, respectively. More bacterial adhesion was observed on the NiTi-2 electrode. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) results showed low charge transfer resistance at MFCs fabricated with NiTi. The biofilm observations indicate that bacterial attachment is better with NiTi-2 as compared with that on NiTi-1 and NiTi-3. The resulting mesopore and macropore rich structure significantly promote microbial colonization, enabling formation of compact electroactive biofilms with additional benefit from the excellent biocompatibility and chemical stability of NiTi-2. Polymerase Chain Reaction-Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) results indicated that five groups of bacteria were the dominant phyla in the MFCs: environmental samples, b-proteobacteria, g-proteobacteria, d-proteobacteria, and CFB group bacteria. The high biocompatibility, electrical conductivity and stability of nitinols make them a more attractive anode material for MFCs.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioelectrochemistry (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
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Immunoelectrophoresis in which immunoprecipitation occurs when antigen at the cathode is caused to migrate in an electric field through a suitable medium of diffusion against a stream of antibody migrating from the anode as a result of endosmotic flow.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organsims.
A microscopic imaging technique that takes advantage of the process of harmonic generation that occurs when photons interact to generate new photons of a different wavelength. In second harmonic generation, two photons of the same wavelength and frequency, such as from a LASER, interact inside a medium and are converted to a photon of twice the frequency and half of the wavelength of the two incident photons. The light signals captured are used to produce images that are dependent on the unique optical properties of the material.
Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. Each colony (i.e., microbial colony-forming unit) represents the progeny of a single cell in the original inoculum. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) uses the ability of DNA polymerase (enzymes that create DNA molecules by assembling nucleotides, the building blocks of DNA. These enzymes are essential to DNA replication and usually work in pairs to create two ident...