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Recently DNA aptamers have attracted remarkable attention as possible targeting ligands since selective targeting of cancer cells is a critical step in cancer diagnosis and therapy. Here, the development of AS1411 aptamer-functionalized albumin nanoparticles loaded on iron oxide and gold nanoparticles is reported for target delivery of the well-known anticancer drug of doxorubicin (Dox). Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) and gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were prepared by ultrasound-assisted and controlled seeded growth synthetic methods, respectively. The nanocarrier was synthesized by a desolvation cross-linking method and characterized by dynamic light scattering, zeta potential measurement, thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy, as well as vibrating sample magnetometer. The synthesized nanoparticles were found to be spherical with an average diameter of 120 nm and zeta potential of about -50.3 mV. The in-vitro anti-tumor effect of the designed delivery vehicle on MCF7 and SKBR3 human cancer cells was evaluated by MTT assay. The experimental results revealed that it could significantly inhibit the proliferation of cancerous cells. Moreover, GNPs and IONPs with the coating of albumin did not show any toxicity. AS1411 aptamer-functionalized nanoparticles improved cellular uptake and efficiency to MCF7 breast cancer cells as compared to non-targeting nanoparticles because of the high affinity of mentioned aptamer toward the overexpressed nucleolin on MCF7 cell surface.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of pharmaceutics
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A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).
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Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
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Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...
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