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Dendrite complexity of the posterior cingulate cortex as a substrate for recovery from post-stroke depression: A pilot study.

08:00 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dendrite complexity of the posterior cingulate cortex as a substrate for recovery from post-stroke depression: A pilot study."

The neural basis of recovery from a depressive state remains poorly understood. The main purpose of this study was to determine the neural basis of vulnerability/resilience to depression in stroke patients in terms of changes in regional microstructure. The study included 20 individuals with acute ischaemic stroke. Symptoms of depression were assessed, and the intraneurite volume fraction and neurite orientation-dispersion index (ODI) were evaluated by a multi-shell diffusion imaging and neurite-orientation dispersion and density imaging model. Patients underwent follow-up examinations after 2 months and were classified into depression improvement and depression deterioration groups. A significant interaction effect of group × time on the ODI was shown by voxel-based analysis in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). The ODI change in the PCC was negatively correlated with the change in the depression scale scores at the 2-month time point. The increase in ODI in the PCC that occurred during the 2-month interval was thought to be associated with decreased depressive symptom scores. As the ODI represents the pattern of sprawling dendrite progression, our findings indicate that the dendritic complexity of the PCC is a substrate for recovery in individuals who experienced post-stroke psychosocial and biological stress.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
ISSN: 1872-7506
Pages: 49-55

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Projection neurons in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus. Pyramidal cells have a pyramid-shaped soma with the apex and an apical dendrite pointed toward the pial surface and other dendrites and an axon emerging from the base. The axons may have local collaterals but also project outside their cortical region.

A composite area of the cerebral cortex concerned with motor control and sensory perception comprising the motor cortex areas, the somatosensory areas, the gustatory cortex, the olfactory areas, the auditory cortex, and the visual cortex.

The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.

Area of the parietal lobe concerned with receiving general sensations. It lies posterior to the central sulcus.

The cytoarchitecturally well-defined area of multilaminate cerebral cortex on the medial aspect of the parahippocampal gyrus, immediately caudal to the olfactory cortex of the uncus. The entorhinal cortex is the origin of the major neural fiber system afferent to the hippocampus, the so-called PERFORANT PATHWAY. (Stedman, 25th ed)

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