Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Relatively little is known about the endocannabinoid system in human neuroblastoma cell lines. In the present study, we have investigated the expression of the genes coding for the enzymes involved in the synthesis and catabolism of endocannabinoids in the SH-SY5Y cell line. The expression of MGLL, the gene coding for 2-arachidonoylglycerol hydrolytic enzyme monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), was found to be 85 and 340 fold lower than the expression levels for the genes coding for alpha/beta-hydrolase domain containing 6 and 12 (ABHD6, ABHD12), which are alternative hydrolytic enzymes for this endocannabinoid. In comparison, mRNA levels of MGLL were 1.5 fold higher than ABHD6 and 2 fold lower than the levels of ABHD12 in DU-145 human prostate cells. In functional assays, the hydrolysis of the 2-arachidonoylglycerol homologue 2-oleoylglycerol by intact SH-SY5Y cells was partially inhibited by the ABHD6 inhibitor WWL70, but not by the MAGL inhibitor JZL184, whereas the reverse was true in DU-145 cells. The combination of JZL184 + WWL70 did, however produce a significantly greater inhibition of 2-OG hydrolysis than seen with WWL70 alone in the SH-SY5Y cells.The low MGLL expression in the SH-SY5Y cells was not due to epigenetic silencing, since levels were not affected by treatment with the methylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and/or the histone acetylase inhibitor trichostatin A. The low MGLL expression in SH-SY5Y cells should be taken into account when using these cells in experiments investigating the involvement of the endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators
The cold-inducible protein RBM3 mediates hypothermic neuroprotection against nitric oxide (NO)-induced cell death. Meanwhile, it is well-known that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is upregulated by RBM3 in s...
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a type of solid extracranial tumor that usually occurs in babies and children. Chemotherapy is a common method for NB treatment, however, the drug resistance exerts during the ch...
As a part of our ongoing research program on compounds from higher plants with lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) inhibitory activities, three new neoclerodane diterpene 12...
Silencing the ACAT1 Gene in Human SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells Inhibits the Expression of Cyclo-Oxygenase 2 (COX2) and Reduces β-Amyloid-Induced Toxicity Due to Activation of Protein Kinase C (PKC) and ERK.
BACKGROUND Acyl-coenzymeA: cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) 1, a key enzyme converting excess free cholesterol to cholesterol esters, has been demonstrated to be associated with the pathogenesis of ...
Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most prevalent age-related neurodegenerative disease, occurs as a result of the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Long non-coding RNA-p21 (lnc-...
AR is a steroid hormone receptor that regulates various genes' expression and affects cellular proliferation and differentiation. Androgens interact with AR, exert their paracrine action o...
The purpose of this study is to examine for HPV E6/E7 mRNA in tampon self-tests, and compare with the cytological and histological diagnoses. Study Hypothesis: Expression of HPV E6/E7 mRN...
This is a study measuring the binding kinetics and test-retest characteristics of a subpharmacological dose of [11C]PF-06809247 Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) Positron Emission Tomography ...
This trial is designed to expand the currently available data on the safety and efficacy of alipogene tiparvovec treatment in lipoprotein lipase deficiency (LPLD) and to further the unders...
The very low carbohydrates diet (VLCKD) induces liver steatosis amelioration. Lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) deficiency plays a role in fats accumulation in liver. To date, no studies have as...
Compounds that increase the enzymatic activity of LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE. Lipoprotein lipase activators have a potential role in the treatment of OBESITY by increasing LIPID METABOLISM. Note that substances that increase the synthesis of lipoprotein lipase are not included here.
An inherited condition due to a deficiency of either LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE or APOLIPOPROTEIN C-II (a lipase-activating protein). The lack of lipase activities results in inability to remove CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES from the blood which has a creamy top layer after standing.
An indolocarbazole that is a potent PROTEIN KINASE C inhibitor which enhances cAMP-mediated responses in human neuroblastoma cells. (Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1995;214(3):1114-20)
A heterogeneous-nuclear ribonucleoprotein found in the CELL NUCLEUS and the CYTOPLASM. Heterogeneous-nuclear ribonucleoprotein K has been implicated in the regulation of gene expression at nearly all levels: GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION; mRNA processing (RNA PROCESSING, POST-TRANSCRIPTIONAL), mRNA transport, mRNA stability, and translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). The hnRNP protein has a strong affinity for polypyrimidine-rich RNA and for single-stranded polypyrimidine-rich DNA. Multiple hnRNP K protein isoforms exist due to alternative splicing and display different nucleic-acid-binding properties.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of glycerol monoesters of long-chain fatty acids EC 188.8.131.52.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...