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The lifetime prevalence of addiction to cannabis (marijuana or cannabinoids) is among the highest of that of all illicit drugs in developed countries, and no effective treatment for cannabis addiction is currently available. Previous studies in our research group suggested that astrocyte-mediated long-term depression (LTD) in ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neurons plays a pivotal role in the development of cannabis addiction. The present study was designed to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of riluzole, a drug used for the treatment of motor neuron diseases, on cannabinoid-facilitated LTD induction. We demonstrated that riluzole significantly inhibited HU210-induced glutamate release through increased expression of glial glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) in cultured astrocytes, and an infusion of riluzole into the bilateral VTA in rats prevented the potent cannabinoid HU210-facilitated LTD induction in 2-month-old animals, which was blocked by bath application of dihydrokainate (DHK), a selective GLT-1 inhibitor. Our results show the effects and potential mechanism of action of riluzole in cannabinoid-facilitated LTD induction, which may provide insights into new therapeutic approaches for cannabis addiction.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is implicated in the pathophysiology of depression and addictive disorders and is subject to the detrimental effects of stress. Chronic stress may differentially alter...
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is a heterogeneous midbrain structure, containing neurons and astrocytes, that coordinates behaviors by integrating activity from numerous afferents. Within neuron-ast...
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A region in the mesencephalon which is dorsomedial to the substantia nigra and ventral to the red nucleus. The mesocortical and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems originate here, including an important projection to the nucleus accumbens. Overactivity of the cells in this area has been suspected to contribute to the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
Health insurance to provide full or partial coverage for long-term home care services or for long-term nursing care provided in a residential facility such as a nursing home.
A specific subtype of muscarinic receptor found in a variety of locations including the SALIVARY GLANDS and the SUBSTANTIA NIGRA and VENTRAL TEGMENTAL AREA of the BRAIN.
Persons who have experienced prolonged survival of HIV infection. This includes the full spectrum of untreated, HIV-infected long-term asymptomatics to those with AIDS who have survived due to successful treatment.
A persistent increase in synaptic efficacy, usually induced by appropriate activation of the same synapses. The phenomenological properties of long-term potentiation suggest that it may be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory.
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...
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