In vivo assembly of eukaryotic signal recognition particle: a still enigmatic process involving the SMN complex.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "In vivo assembly of eukaryotic signal recognition particle: a still enigmatic process involving the SMN complex."

The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a universally conserved non-coding ribonucleoprotein complex that is essential for targeting transmembrane and secretory proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum. Its composition and size varied during evolution. In mammals, SRP contains one RNA molecule, 7SL RNA, and six proteins: SRP9, 14, 19, 54, 68 and 72. Despite a very good understanding of the SRP structure and of the SRP assembly in vitro, how SRP is assembled in vivo remains largely enigmatic. Here we review current knowledge on how the 7SL RNA is assembled with core proteins to form functional RNP particles in cells. SRP biogenesis is believed to take place both in the nucleolus and in the cytoplasm and to rely on the survival of motor neuron complex, whose defect leads to spinal muscular atrophy.


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Name: Biochimie
ISSN: 1638-6183


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Complexes of scRNA (RNA, SMALL CYTOPLASMIC) and protein found in the cytoplasm. An example is SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE.

A cytosolic ribonucleoprotein complex that acts to induce elongation arrest of nascent presecretory and membrane proteins until the ribosome becomes associated with the rough endoplasmic reticulum. It consists of a 7S RNA and at least six polypeptide subunits (relative molecular masses 9, 14, 19, 54, 68, and 72K).

The Alu sequence family (named for the restriction endonuclease cleavage enzyme Alu I) is the most highly repeated interspersed repeat element in humans (over a million copies). It is derived from the 7SL RNA component of the SIGNAL RECOGNITION PARTICLE and contains an RNA polymerase III promoter. Transposition of this element into coding and regulatory regions of genes is responsible for many heritable diseases.

Highly repeated sequences, 100-300 bases long, which contain RNA polymerase III promoters. The primate Alu (ALU ELEMENTS) and the rodent B1 SINEs are derived from 7SL RNA, the RNA component of the signal recognition particle. Most other SINEs are derived from tRNAs including the MIRs (mammalian-wide interspersed repeats).

The assembly of VIRAL STRUCTURAL PROTEINS and nucleic acid (VIRAL DNA or VIRAL RNA) to form a VIRUS PARTICLE.

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