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The endocannabinoid (eCB) system is a modulatory system that is both altered by stress and mediates the effects of acute stress, including contributing to restoration of homeostasis. Earlier studies suggest that circulating eCBs are dysregulated in adults with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, it is not known whether circulating eCBs remain responsive to stress. The purpose of this study was to examine eCB and psychological responses to physical (exercise) and psychosocial (Trier Social Stress Test) stressors, using a randomized, counterbalanced procedure in adults with PTSD and healthy controls (N = 20, mean age = 24, SD = 7 yrs). Results from mixed-design, repeated measures ANOVAs revealed significant increases (p < .05) in N-arachidonoylethanolamine (AEA) and oleoylethanolamide (OEA) following exercise and psychosocial stress in both groups. However, only the control group exhibited a significant increase (p < .05) in 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) following exercise and psychosocial stress exposure. These data extend our current understanding of circulating eCB responsiveness in PTSD, and provide preliminary evidence to suggest that the eCB system is hypoactive in PTSD following exposure to physical and psychosocial stressors.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biological psychology
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A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
An ACUTE PHASE REACTION protein present in low concentrations in normal sera, but found at higher concentrations in sera of older persons and in patients with AMYLOIDOSIS. It is the circulating precusor of amyloid A protein, which is found deposited in AA type AMYLOID FIBRILS.
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