Advertisement

Topics

Rapid detection of heavy metal-induced toxicity in water using a fed-batch sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) bioreactor.

08:00 EDT 9th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Rapid detection of heavy metal-induced toxicity in water using a fed-batch sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) bioreactor."

A fed-batch bioreactor based on sulfur-oxidizing bacteria (SOB) was tested for rapid detection of heavy metal-induced toxicity in water. For this evaluation, SOB were exposed to water contaminated by selenium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, arsenic, cyanide, cadmium, and lead for 2 h and their inhibition rates were analyzed based on changes in electrical conductivity (EC). The results demonstrate that SOB were highly inhibited by selenium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, and arsenic but not by cyanide, cadmium, and lead. The 2 h half maximum effective concentrations (EC) of SOB for selenium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, and arsenic were estimated to be 0.33, 0.89, 1.18, and 0.24 mg/L, respectively, which are comparable or lower than earlier reports in the literature. However, the EC or EC values of SOB for cyanide, cadmium, and lead were notably higher compared to findings from previous toxicity tests that employed other microorganisms. The findings from the current study suggest that the fed-batch SOB bioreactor is suitable for rapid detection of toxicity induced by selenium, mercury, hexavalent chromium, and arsenic in water.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of microbiological methods
ISSN: 1872-8359
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [29412 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Supramolecular Assembly-Induced Emission Enhancement for Efficient Mercury(II) Detection and Removal.

New strategies that can simultaneously detect and remove highly toxic environmental pollutants such as heavy metal ions are still in urgent need. Herein, through supramolecular host-guest interactions...

Capillary electrophoretic determination of heavy-metal ions using 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid and 6-mercapto-1-hexanol co-functionalized gold nanoparticle as colorimetric probe.

Capillary electrophoresis (CE) and gold nanoparticle aggregation based-colorimetric detection (AuNP/ABCD) were incorporated to provide rapid, sensitive and selective detection of Cd, Pb, and Hg. CE an...

Rapid evaluation of leaching potential of heavy metals from municipal solid waste incineration fly ash.

Municipal solid waste incineration fly ash is directly landfilled after solidification in the industry. The rapid evaluation of contaminant leaching is required before the landfill of fly ash. In orde...

Immobilization of heavy metals in two contaminated soils using a modified magnesium silicate stabilizer.

Heavy metal contamination is a severe environmental issue over the world. A lot of work has been done to develop effective stabilizers. In the present work, hydrothermal carbon-modified magnesium sili...

Identification of novel rice (Oryza sativa) HPP and HIPP genes tolerant to heavy metal toxicity.

HPP (heavy metal associated plant protein) and HIPP (heavy metal associated isoprenylated plant protein) are a group of metal-binding metallochaperones playing crucial roles in metal homeostasis and d...

Clinical Trials [9493 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Investigation of Wet Cupping Therapy on Heavy Metal Levels of Steel Industry Workers

This interventional study investigates the efficacy of Wet cupping therapy on heavy metal levels.The levels of the selected heavy metals will be measured in the blood samples obtained from...

the Association Between Blood's and Urinary Heavy Metal Level in Pregnant Women and the Spontaneous Abortion

The aim of the study was to define the possible association between heavy iron level and the consequence of pregnancy especially spontaneous abortion and missed abortion. The study populat...

Biomarkers for the Detection of Heavy Alcohol Use in Patients With and Without Liver Disease

The investigators will test the validity of biomarkers for the detection of heavy alcohol use in patients with and without liver disease.

Rapid Detection of Staphylococcus Aureus in Burn Patients

The purpose of this study is to determine if rapid early detection of the bacteria causing sepsis in burn patients improves patient outcomes.

Serum miR-122 as a Real-time Detection Biomarker of Drug-induced Liver Injury by Chemotherapy

This is an open , multicenter, interventional clinical trial to conform the role of of miR-122 a real-time detection biomarker of drug-induced liver injury by chemotherapy.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The technique of washing tissue specimens with a concentrated solution of a heavy metal salt and letting it dry. The specimen will be covered with a very thin layer of the metal salt, being excluded in areas where an adsorbed macromolecule is present. The macromolecules allow electrons from the beam of an electron microscope to pass much more readily than the heavy metal; thus, a reversed or negative image of the molecule is created.

Therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.

Conditions associated with damage or dysfunction of the nervous system caused by exposure to heavy metals, which may cause a variety of central, peripheral, or autonomic nervous system injuries.

An inhibitor of nitric oxide synthetase which has been shown to prevent glutamate toxicity. Nitroarginine has been experimentally tested for its ability to prevent ammonia toxicity and ammonia-induced alterations in brain energy and ammonia metabolites. (Neurochem Res 1995:200(4):451-6)

A chelating agent used as an antidote to heavy metal poisoning.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article