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Genetically encoded fluorescent proteins or small-molecule probes that recognize specific protein binding partners can be used to label proteins to study their localization and function with fluorescence microscopy. However, these approaches are limited in signal-to-background resolution and the ability to temporally control labeling. Herein, we describe a covalent protein labeling technique using a fluorogenic malachite green probe functionalized with a photoreactive crosslinker. This enables a controlled covalent attachment to a genetically encodable fluorogen activating protein (FAP) with low background signal. We demonstrate covalent labeling of a protein in vitro as well as in live mammalian cells. This method is straightforward, displays high labeling specificity, and results in improved signal-to-background ratios in photoaffinity labeling of target proteins. Additionally, this probe provides temporal control over reactivity, enabling future applications in real-time monitoring of cellular events.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioconjugate chemistry
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Techniques for labeling a substance with a stable or radioactive isotope. It is not used for articles involving labeled substances unless the methods of labeling are substantively discussed. Tracers that may be labeled include chemical substances, cells, or microorganisms.
Biologically active molecules which are covalently bound to the enzymes or binding proteins normally acting on them. Binding occurs due to activation of the label by ultraviolet light. These labels are used primarily to identify binding sites on proteins.
Graphs representing sets of measurable, non-covalent physical contacts with specific PROTEINS in living organisms or in cells.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
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