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Deiodinase type 2 (DIO2) is a selenoenzyme involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Chemerin is a newly investigated adipokine known also as novel chemokine. Both molecules have been recently expected and found to play an important role in inflammation and immunity. DIO2, for example, is upregulated during acute and chronic inflammation. In addition, inflammation-induced expression of DIO2 in macrophages has been confirmed, while chemerin modulates the activation and chemotaxis of immune cells. It is widely known that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - the most common lung disease in the world - is accompanied by an inflammatory process and immune activation. There are no studies demonstrating an association between DIO2, chemerin and COPD. The aim of this study was to estimate DIO2 and chemerin concentration in serum collected from patients suffering from COPD and to compare it with healthy subjects, as well as to correlate with basic and clinical characteristics.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta biochimica Polonica
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A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
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The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck, just above thecollarbone and is an endocrine gland that make hormones. These Thyroid hormones control the rate of many activities in the body, including how fast the body burns calories and how fast th...
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